Tuesday, June 8, 2021

QUIZ TIME

A Long Quiz on English Literature NET exam 

1.The poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" was first published in 1915 at the request of which other poet?

 Wallace Stevens
 Ezra Pound
 Carl Sandburg
 William Carlos Williams

2. What line follows "I grow old...I grow old..." in "The Lovesong of J. Alfred Prufrock"?

 "I shall wear the bottoms of my trousers rolled."
 "I shall not believe all that I am told."
 "I shall cease to do as I am told."
 "I shall endeavour to be bold."

3. Poet Matthew Arnold's "Dover Beach", published in 1867, is alluded to in which poem by Eliot?

 The Journey of The Magi
 Rhapsody on a Windy Night
 The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
 Sweeney Among the Nightingales

4. To whom did Eliot dedicate the poem "The Waste Land"?

 James Joyce
 W.H. Auden
 Ezra Pound
 William Yeats

5. Ezra Pound gave Eliot a nickname which he used as part of the title for a book of poetry for children. What was his nickname?

 Sullen Beaver
 Blind Weasel
 Frail Mongoose
 Old Possum

6. Eliot has sometimes been charged with antisemitism due to which of his works?

 Murder in the Cathedral
 The Family Reunion
 The Elder Statesman
 Gerontion

7. In which of Eliot's works did he actually act as a minor role in the remake as a play?

 Ash Wednesday
 The Waste Land
 Murder in the Cathedral
 The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

8. Eliot's 'Ariel Poems' is a collection of poems written for Faber and Faber's series of Ariel Poems. Which of the following is not in the collection?

 Marina
 Journey of the Magi
 A Song for Simeon
 Coriolan

9. Which journal first published some of Eliot's poems?

 Jester of Columbia
 Yale Review
 Harvard Advocate
 Dartmouth Jack 'o' Lantern

10. Eliot wrote which piece in 1930, shortly after his conversion to the Anglican religion?

 The Elder Statesman
 Ash Wednesday
 The Wasteland
 The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

11. Probably my favorite Eliot quote of all is "I have measured out my life with coffee spoons." Which poem is this from?

 The Waste Land
 A Song for Simeon
 The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
 Little Gidding (from "Four Quartets")

12. You have almost certainly heard this quote, and maybe even used it, without necessarily knowing that it was from Eliot:

"This is the way the world ends
Not with a bang but a whimper"

 The Hollow Men
 Mr. Eliot's Sunday Morning Service
 The Fire Sermon (in "The Waste Land")
 Chorus IX from "The Rock"

13. You might be able to figure out which poem this is without ever having read the poem before, just from the content given here.

"Among the smoke and fog of a December afternoon
You have the scene arrange itself--as it will seem to do--
With 'I have saved this afternoon for you';
And four wax candles in the darkened room,
Four rings of light upon the ceiling overhead,
An atmosphere of Juliet's tomb
Prepared for all the things to be said, or left unsaid."

 Mariana
 Sweeney among the Nightingales
 Murder in the Cathedral
 Portrait of a Lady

14. What Eliot poem contains the popular song quote below, and shows he listened to the pop music of his day?

"O O O O that Shakespeherian Rag--
It's so elegant
So intelligent"

 A Game of Chess (in "The Waste Land")
 The Hippopotamus
 The Hollow Men
 A Cooking Egg

15. Which Eliot piece tells a story and includes this passage?

"'A cold coming we had of it,
Just the worst time of the year
For a journey, and such a long journey;
The ways deep and the weather sharp,
The very dead of winter.'"

Hint: this is the opening of the poem.

 Sweeney Erect
 Journey of the Magi
 Sweeney among the Nightingales
 The Elder Statesman

16. You may not know the entire quote given here, but I hope you recognize lines three and four well enough to name the poem it comes from.

"I am moved by fancies that are curled
Around these images, and cling;
The notion of some infinitely gentle
Infinitely suffering thing."

"Wipe your hand across your mouth and laugh;
The worlds revolve like ancient women
Gathering fuel in vacant lots."

 The Dry Salvages (from "Four Quartets")
 Whispers of Immortality
 The Burial of the Dead (from "The Waste Land")
 Preludes

17. If you had Eliot in school, you know about his conversion to Christianity. You may not know about his fascination with eastern religions, which influenced these famous lines:

"Dry the pool, dry concrete, brown edged,
And the pool was filled with water out of sunlight,
And the lotos rose, quietly, quietly,
The surface glittered out of heart of light,
And they were behind us, reflected in the pool.
Then a cloud passed, and the pool was empty.
Go, said the bird, for the leaves were full of children,
Hidden excitedly, containing laughter.
Go, go, go, said the bird: human kind
Cannot bear very much reality."

 Death by Water (from "The Waste Land")
 East Coker (from "Four Quartets")
 Burnt Norton (from "Four Quartets")
 What the Thunder Said (from "The Waste Land")

18. You don't have to tell us how to answer the question in the poem. Just tell us where to find the question.

"Who turned in the hall, one hand on the door. Vacant shuttles
Weave the wind. I have no ghosts,
An old man in a draughty house
Under a windy knob."

"After such knowledge, what forgiveness?"

 Animula
 Growltiger's Last Stand
 The Cocktail Party
 Gerontion

19. You know the last line of this quatrain. Giving it in context should help you recognize the source.

"Now is my way clear, now is the meaning plain:
Temptation shall not come in this kind again.
The last temptation is the greatest treason:
To do the right deed for the wrong reason."

 The Confidential Clerk
 The Cocktail Party
 The Family Reunion
 Murder in the Cathedral

20. Ah. You wondered where these lines came from. It was from T. S. Eliot:

"We shall not cease from exploration
And the end of all our exploring
Will be to arrive where we started
And know the place for the first time."

 Ash-Wednesday
 Little Gidding (from "Four Quartets")
 The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
 Journey of the Magi
21. What was the last name of the human owner that the animals ran out of the farm?

 Shepard
 Leslie
 Jones
 Williams

22. Which type of animal was considered the smartest and therefore the best leader?

 the dogs
 the cats
 the sheep
 the pigs

23. Which type of animal was shot and killed at the Battle of the Cowshed?

 a sheep
 a horse
 a cow
 a dog

24. What was the name of the horse that left Animal Farm?

 Cindy
 Trott
 Regan
 Mollie

25. The Commandment "No animal shall ever sleep in a bed with sheets" was a part of the original seven commandments.

 True
 False

26. What was the name of the pig who was run out of Animal Farm by Napoleon?

 Roger
 Firefly
 Komono
 Snowball

27. What project did Napoleon initially oppose but later adopt?

 Building an irrigation system
 Building a windmill
 Building an army to invade the neighboring farms
 Shooting Mollie.

28. Who acted as a mediator between Animal Farm and the outside world?

 Mr. Whymper
 Jones
 Mr. Louis
 Napoleon

29. Animal Farm traded with the outside world.

 True
 False

30. Napoleon had animals killed after they professed themselves traitors.

 True
 False

31. Who pulled the sheep aside to teach them "Four legs good, two legs better."?

 Pilkington
 Napoleon
 Squealer
 Snowball

32. What was the windmill named?

 Napoleon Mill
 Mollie's Mill
 Animal Farm Mill
 Cowshed Mill

33. How did Frederick pay for the timber he bought from Napoleon?

 with cow's milk
 with a check
 with forged bank notes
 with pennies

34. How was the windmill destroyed the second time?

 Snowball set it on fire
 Napoleon set it on fire by accident by falling asleep with a lit cigar.
 A storm caused it to fall
 Frederick and some men blew it up.

35. Whom did the pigs meet with after they were seen walking on their two hind legs?

 Snowball
 Mr. Whymper
 Pilkington
 Frederick

36. In "Rabbit Redux", what drink does Harry's father always order when they meet at the bar after work?

 A Budweiser
 A daiquiri
 A Schlitz
 A gin and tonic

37. In "Rabbit Run", what show is Janice watching on TV when Rabbit decides to leave for the first time?

 The Ed Sullivan Show
 Laugh In
 The local weather report
 The Micky Mouse Club

38. What is the maiden name of Peggy Fosnacht?

 Sipe
 Moore
 McDonald
 Gring

39. What is the legal first name of Nelson's son?

 Roy
 Andrew
 Dennis
 Harold

40. What is the name of the Country Club Janice and Harry belong to in "Rabbit is Rich"?

 The Flying Eagle
 Mt Judge Country Club
 Peregrine Landing
 Green Valley

41. Where does Nelson attend college?

 Penn State
 The University of Maryland
 IUP
 Kent State

42. In "Rabbit, Run" Harry first meets Ruth when Tothero takes him out to eat at what type of establishment?

 A bar
 A fast food restaurant
 A deli
 A Chinese restaurant

43. Charlie Stavros is mentioned to be of what ethnic background?

 Hispanic
 Irish
 American Indian
 Greek

44.What kind of boat does Harry rent with his grand-daughter, Judy, in "Rabbit At Rest"?

 A yacht
 A motor boat
 A sunfish
 A pontoon boat

45. What is the name of Harry's younger sister?

 Katherine "Kathy"
 Stephanie "Stevie"
 Linda "Lynn"
 Miriam "Mim"

46.What is the title of the 1949 George Orwell novel which told of life in a totalitarian state dominated by 'Big Brother', 'Newspeak', and the 'Two Minute Hate'?

 Animal Farm
 1984
 Brave New World
 Life During Wartime

47. What is the title of the 1932 Aldous Huxley novel in which the psychedelic drug 'soma' is used to pacify the citizens and people are divided into the castes Alpha through Epsilon based on their genetic make-up?

 The World of Null-A
 Brave New World
 The Last and First Men
 The Inverted World

48. What is the title of the 1962 Anthony Burgess novel in which a Beethoven-loving juvenile delinquent convicted of murder is programmed to find both violence and Beethoven's Ninth Symphony physically repulsive?

 A Clockwork Orange
 Camp Concentration
 Time Out of Joint
 Brave New World

49. In a 1969 Ursula LeGuin novel an ethnologist visits a planet with a usually neuter population. Individuals randomly become either male or female at the peak of a periodic sexual cycle. What is the title of this Hugo and Nebula award-winning novel?

 Glen or Glenda
 The Female Man
 The Left Hand of Darkness
 The Dispossessed

50. In 1965 Frank Herbert wrote a novel set on the desert planet of Arrakis inhabited by giant sandworms. What is the title of this novel which was made into a much maligned film by David Lynch?

 Earth Abides
 Dune
 The Stand
 The Way Station

51. What is the title of the 1966 Isaac Asimov novel in which a medical team is placed in a submarine, miniaturized, and injected into the body of a patient?

 The Puppet Masters
 Neuromancer
 Fantastic Voyage
 The Centauri Device

52. What is the title of a 1968 John Brunner novel about overpopulation?

 Make Room! Make Room!
 Shockwave Rider
 The Stand
 Stand On Zanzibar

53. In 1973 J.G. Ballard wrote a novel about a subculture of people who become sexually aroused by automobile accidents and recreate car crashes involving celebrities. What is the title of this novel which was made into a movie starring James Spader and directed by David Cronenberg?

 The Demolished Man
 The Car That Ate Paris
 Crash
 The Soft Machine

54. What is the name of the classic J.R.R. Tolkien fantasy trilogy featuring Bilbo Baggins, Frodo, and Gandalf?

 The Lord of the Rings
 The Book of the New Sun
 The Lord of Light
 The Foundation Trilogy

55.What is the title of the 1984 William Gibson cyberpunk novel set in a world of global computer networks and virtual reality?

 The Silicon Dagger
 Necromancer
 Neuromancer
 The Space Merchants

56.. What is the title of the 1969 Kurt Vonnegut novel which tells the story of Billy Pilgrim who survived the bombing of Dresden?

 Cat's Cradle
 Breakfast of Champions
 The Stand
 Slaughterhouse-Five

57. What is the title of the 1976 Kingsley Amis alternative history novel set in modern Europe about a boy singer facing surgery to preserve his soprano voice?

 The Female Man
 The Alteration
 Childhood's End
 High-Rise

 58.What is special about the name of the village, in 'Under Milkwood'?

 It is the name of Dylan Thomas' hometown.
 It is a real welsh word, meaning 'nothing there'.
 It is named after Thomas and his wife.
 It says something backwards.

The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie" is set in which city?

 London
 Dublin
 Glasgow
 Edinburgh

59.. When she was a young woman, Miss Brodie's fiance died on Flanders Field in World War I. What was her fiance's name?

 Robert
 Hugh
 Stanley
 Gerald

60. Who is the school's headmistress?

 Miss Gaunt
 Miss Blaine
 Miss Mackay
 Miss Lockhart

61.Which one of Miss Brodie's girls is famous for sex?

 Eunice
 Sandy
 Rose
 Jenny

62. Which girl spots Miss Brodie kissing Mr. Lloyd?

 Mary
 Jenny
 Eunice
 Monica

63. When she becomes an adult, which girl writes a book titled "The Transfiguration of the Commonplace"?

 Rose
 Sandy
 Monica
 Jenny

64. What unusual physical attribute does Mr. Lloyd possess?

 He has only one eye.
 He has only one arm.
 He walks with a limp.
 He has six fingers on one hand.

65. Who lives at Cramond?

 Miss Brodie
 Miss Mackay
 Mr. Lloyd
 Mr. Lowther

66. How old is Miss Brodie when she dies?

 75
 48
 56
 64

67. Which saying does Miss Brodie NOT deliver in the novel?

 To me education is a leading out of what is already there in the pupil's soul.
 Give me a girl at an impressionable age, and she is mine for life.
 Beauty is greater than science. Beauty comes first, and then science.
 I am putting old heads on your young shoulders.

 68.Henry Perowne wakes in the middle of the night and looks out of his bedroom window. He sees a bright light moving across the London skyline; a plane is on fire. He ruminates on the possibilities of the event unfurling in front of him. What does the emergency he sees before him turn out to be?

 A passenger plane that crashes into the Post Office Tower as part of a terrorist attack on London
 A military aircraft that has been attacked by a surface to air missile
 A cargo plane with an engine on fire that safely lands
 A passenger plane after a bird strike that crash lands at Heathrow

69. It is a Saturday so Henry Perowne has a day off from work, though as a medical doctor he remains on call. What is his specialist area of medicine?

 Radiology
 Hepatics
 Neurosurgery
 Paediatrics

70. What big event is due to take place in London that particular Saturday?

 The FA Cup Final
 The anti-Iraq war march for peace
 The 7th July bomb attacks on London
 A state visit by the US President

71. As his wife is working that day, how does Henry choose to spend his Saturday?

 Visiting his mother
 Playing squash
 Going to his son's music rehearsal
 All of these

72. On his way to his Saturday morning activity, Perowne comes across Baxter, who is soon to become a large part of his day. How do they meet?

 He accidentally bumps into Baxter and knocks him to the floor
 He sees Baxter outside his house selling drugs
 They have a minor car accident
 He notices Baxter stalking his wife

73. Perowne avoids a beating at the hands of Baxter and his associates by diagnosing Baxter's illness. What is the genetic disorder that he is suffering from?

 Parkinson's disease
 Huntington's disease
 Cockayne syndrome
 Lou Gehrig's disease

74. As the day's major event gets underway, Perowne thinks back to the time that he was introduced to the Prime Minister, Tony Blair. At what event did this meeting take place?

 The Queen's summer garden party
 The opening of an art gallery
 At a rugby match
 At a political rally

75. The evening's event is a family get together that is hopefully going to involve a reconciliation between Perowne's father-in-law, John, and his daughter, Daisy. The two had fallen out when John had criticised Daisy's work. What is the profession that they share?

 Sculptor
 Journalist
 Poet
 Lawyer

76. Baxter unexpectedly gatecrashes the get-together and holds the family hostage at knifepoint. What does Henry discover about his daughter as a consequence of Baxter's intrusion?

 That she once dated Baxter
 That she knows kung fu
 That she is pregnant
 That she has cancer

77. Baxter's control of the situation is broken when Daisy recites a poem to him at her grandfather's suggestion. What is the poem she recites?

 "February 17th" by Ted Hughes
 "Jerusalem" by William Blake
 "Dover Beach" by Matthew Arnold
 "The Rolling English Road" by GK Chesterton

78.How does Miss Kenton describe Stevens' father  in the Booker Prize winning novel Remains of the Day when she sees him outside the summerhouse shortly after his fall?

 As though searching for a jewel he had dropped there
 As though he hoped to find a diamond encrusted crown
 As though searching for the hidden meaning of life
 As though he were searching for his lost youth

Next 10 questions are from Graham Green 's novel The Power and Glory 

 79.What is the whiskey priest's name?

 Mr. Tench
 His name isn't given
 Juan
 Padre Jose

80. What is the whiskey priest's crime?

 Murder
 Treason
 Burglary
 None of these

81. Which of the following DOES NOT make the whiskey priest believe that he is a "bad priest"?

 He murdered the mestizo
 He is an alcoholic
 He had a daughter
 None of these

82. What is the name of the whiskey priest's home parish?

 Concepcion
 Villahermosa
 Las Casas
 Carmen

83. What is the whiskey priest's daughter's name?

 Brigitta
 Coral
 He doesn't have a daughter
 Maria

84. What "game" does Coral teach the whiskey priest?

 Hop-Scotch
 Morse Code
 Yahtzee
 Telephone

85. What is the name of the book that the whiskey priest leaves at the dentist's house, and what language was it written in?

 The whiskey priest is illiterate.
 "The Holy Bible" (English)
 "La Martir Eterna" (Latin)
 "Bueno Viernes y La Resureccion" (Spanish)

86. What kind of Bible does the whiskey priest critique at the Lehr's house?

 Gideon
 King George
 New American
 The Lehrs are Atheists

87. When the whiskey priest is taken to prison, how much money does he have? (Remember, he isn't able to pay the fine)

 50 centavos
 2 pesos
 1 peso
 25 centavos

89. The whiskey priest dies and comes back to life.

 Yes
 No

Next 10 questions are from Passage to India 

 90.Why, at the beginning of the novel, is Adela Quested dissatisfied with her visit to India?

 Because she wants to see the real India
 Because she does not get along with Mrs. Moore
 Because she wants to be engaged to Ronny
 Because she dislikes Ronny's friends

91. What is the main reason Aziz decides not to attend the Bridge Party?

 He feels sick to his stomach
 He is angry with Major Callendar
 He wants to spend time with his children
 It coincides with the anniversary of his wife's death

92. The book is divided into three sections. Mosque, Caves and ...?

 Church
 Temple
 Synagogue
 Club

93. In which city is most of the action set?

 Mau
 Chandrapore
 Bombay
 Calcutta

94. What makes Adela decide she does want to marry Ronny?

 The event at the caves
 Mrs Moore tells her to
 Nothing - she just decides
 The accident

95. Who misjudges the length of a prayer?

 Fielding
 Godbole
 Aziz
 Mrs Moore

96. Who is the magistrate at Aziz's trial?

 Das
 Fielding
 Ronny
 Godbole

97. Who or what attracts Adela at Aziz's trial?

 Punkah-wallah
 Green Bird
 Wasp
 Mrs Moore

98. Whose birth are the Hindus (including Godbole) waiting for?

 Jesus
 Shri Krishna
 Stella Moore's baby
 Adela's baby

99.Who does Aziz think Fielding married?

 Ronny Heaslop
 Stella Moore
 Adela Quested
 Ralph Moore

Next 10 questions are from Things Fall Apart 

100.The main character of "Things Fall Apart", the proud and tempestuous Okonkwo, is defined early in the novel by his relationship with his father, Unoka. Which of these best describes this relationship?

 Unoka disapproves of Okonkwo's lack of advancement in the village and is pressuring him to emulate the family's traditional success
 Okonkwo and Unoka are very close, hunting together and exercising great power in village politics
 Unoka died when Okonkwo was an infant, and Okonkwo is haunted by his memory
 Okonkwo is embarrassed by the lazy Unoka, who is widely considered a failure

101. Throughout the book, an unusual currency is used for most transactions. What is this unlikely coin of the realm?

 British shillings
 Cowries
 Polished agates
 Palm seeds

102. The main political unit in "Things Fall Apart" is the alliance of "nine villages", including Okonkwo's village of Umuofia. Following the murder of one of Umuofia's women (identified in the text only as "Udo's wife"), Okonkwo negotiates a peace with Umuofia's enemies, wherein they will send Udo a virgin as compensation and give up one of their young boys as well. The boy, Ikemefuna, becomes a part of Okonkwo's household, even calling Okonkwo "father". What ends up happening to Ikemefuna?

 The Oracle decrees that he must die, and Okonkwo kills him
 He turns traitor against Okonkwo and Umuofia, leading to the collapse of the alliance
 He eventually becomes king of the nine villages, leading them in revolt against the British
 He dies of malaria

103. In Chapter 8, Okonkwo is having a discussion with several of his village's men. One of them, Obierika, remarks that in two other villages (Abame and Aninta) titled men climb trees and pound food for their wives, tasks seen as women's work in Umuofia. Okonkwo replies that in some tribes the children belong to the wife and her family, a proposition a third man, Machi, dismisses as ludicrous. Obierika concludes this discussion with a tall tale he has heard, that there are ___________.

 great steel birds which soar without flapping their wings
 giant villages sculpted of red stone in a land across the sea
 huge metal canoes that carry dozens of men and tons of food
 white men, "white like this piece of chalk", who have no toes

104. Chapter 13 sees Okonkwo banished from Umuofia for killing someone. What were the circumstances of this homicide?

 Firing off a gun at the funeral of village elder Ezeudu to celebrate his great life, Okonkwo accidentally kills Ezeudu's son
 Enraged by how slowly she does her household chores, Okonkwo kills his wife
 Okonkwo kills a British colonial official, and he is banished lest the British take revenge
 Okonkwo leads a raid against another of the nine villages, incurring the wrath of even his own kinsmen
105. The first British evangelist in the area, Mr. Brown, callously disregards local customs, learning nothing of Umuofia's traditional spirituality while imposing his own. Fittingly, his church collapses, a victim of the spirits in Umuofia's taboo area, the "evil forest".

 True
 False

106. Mr. Brown is succeeded by Mr. Smith, who, in contrast to Brown, is much more open and understanding, making much greater allowance for native customs.

 True
 False

107.A recurrent motif of "Things Fall Apart" is the assumption of divine roles by the worthy men of the village. These men wear masks representing figures like the evil forest and the tree spirit, and take the collective title "egwugwu". At the annual feast of the Earth deity, a Christian convert named Enoch shows his disregard for the egwugwu by ripping off one of their masks. How do they egwugwu retaliate for this offense?

 They do not - they trust that their god, Chukwu, will deliver justice
 They kill Enoch and Mr. Smith
 They burn down Enoch's compound and the church
 They take all the sacred fixtures from the church and ritually desecrate them

108. After various legal struggles with the British administration, including the capture of several of Umuofia's leaders (including Okonkwo) and the leveling of heavy fines, a meeting is called in the marketplace to organize opposition to these depredations. Five British court messengers arrive to break up this assembly. What action does Okonkwo take?

 He leads a revolt, capturing the court messengers and ransoming them
 He negotiates as peace where the British will leave the area in exchange for an annual tribute
 He disbands the meeting and converts to Christianity
 He kills one of the court messengers, but his people allow the others to escape

109. The novel concludes with the British District Commissioner contemplating Okonkwo's life, remarking to himself that it would make for a fascinating paragraph in his upcoming book: "The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of the Lower Niger".

 True
 False

Saturday, June 5, 2021

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Saturday, May 29, 2021

ROBERT BROWNING POEMS


COSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
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๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,

Spring and Fall by Gerard Manley Hopkins: Summary and Analysis

Spring and Fall by Gerard Manley Hopkins is a modern poem about philosophical definition of human life. It is a dramatic meditative poem since it narrates an event, imagining a philosopher as a speaker in conversation to a girl name Margaret. We find character, dialogue, and setting and plot as well in the poem. The poem is about the reality of human existence that has been well introduced through its title 'Spring and Fall'.


Gerard M. Hopkins (1844-1889n the poem, the speaker addresses to a girl, Margaret, who is crying at the fall of tree leaves. As a philosopher, speaker asks Margaret not to grieve over goldengrove unleaving. The speaker believes that the young girl, Margaret equally cares for leaves like the things of man. In her innocence, with fresh thoughts, she worries for the falling leaves. Margaret as an innocent child, separation is a great loss for her. She doesn't know the meaning of death. A child is out of knowledge of death, end, destruction, and collapse. 

COSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ


The speaker in the poem behaves as a philosopher. He is trying to persuade Margaret not to weep, not to mourn, and not to spare sigh, when goldengroove is unleaving. For the experienced person, "goldengrove unleaving" is a minor natural process. There is nothing to worry and lament over it. When the human heart grows older, so many pains come and go away. For a young heart, it is intolerable to tolerate separation and loss. The speaker of the poem has tried to read the mentality of a young child. Very plainly, he says that it is all because of Margaret's childhood. Still Margaret is not fully developed human being. She is left to cross many hurdles and obstacles in her life. Thus Margaret is as spring. As she grows, she will take a journey towards fall. Then, only she will realize the absolute truth of the human world and the meaning of fall.

๐ŸŽฏCOSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ

Moving a step ahead, the speaker argues that as the heart grows older; such sorrows come and go away. Though the narrator's tone towards the child is tender and sympathetic, he does not try to comfort her. The philosophical argumentations are beyond the understanding of the young girl. The child is emotional and ignorant regarding this loss, whereas the speaker is poetical, philosophical, and generalizing something of a natural process which is really tough and vague to understand by an innocent girl. The speaker is matured, but his technique of addressing to the child is colder. He asks many questions to her, but when gets no result, then assumes answers and moves further. 

COSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ

In real sense when the child grows she can take a journey towards fall or left to cross many hurdles and obstacles in her life then only she can realize the absolute truth of the human world. The speaker is unlike a teacher as he does not care for age and level of knowledge of the child. In the poem, we find the contrast between innocence and experienced. The speaker represents the experience, whereas the child represents the innocence.  Margaret has fresh thoughts and such thoughts are indifferent to the idea of death and destruction. Similarly, the speaker represents fall and the child represents the spring.

COSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ

DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE:A DETAILED INFORMATION

Dramatic Monologue

Definition of Dramatic Monologue

๐ŸŽฏCOSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ

Dramatic monologue means self-conversation, speech or talks which includes interlocutor presented dramatically. It means a person, who is speaking to himself or someone else speaks to reveal specific intentions of his actions. However, in literature, it is a poetic form or a poem that presents the speech or conversation of a person in a dramatic manner.

COSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ
Features of a Dramatic Monologue

A dramatic monologue has these common features in them.

  1. A single person delivering a speech on one aspect of his life
  2. The audience may or may not be present
  3. Speaker reveals his temperament and character only through his speech

Types of Dramatic Monologue

There are three major types of dramatic monologues such as:

  1. Romantic monologue
  2. Philosophical and psychological monologue
  3. Conversational monologue
,๐ŸŽฏCOSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ

Dramatic Monologue Examples from Literature

Example #1

My Last Duchess” by Robert Browning

“That’s my last Duchess painted on the wall,

Looking as if she were alive. I call

That piece a wonder, now; Fra Pandolf’s hands

Worked busily a day, and there she stands.

Will’t please you sit and look at her? I said

“Fra Pandolf” by design, for never read

Strangers like you that pictured countenance,

The depth and passion of its earnest glance,

But to myself they turned (since none puts by

The curtain I have drawn for you, but I)

And seemed as they would ask me, if they durst,

How such a glance came there; so, not the first

Are you to turn and ask thus.”

This extract is from the famous monologue of a duke. He tells his audience, possibly the father of his new bride, about his last duchess who could not survive his severity. It is a type of psychological monologue which tells the psychological state of mind of the speaker


COSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” by T. S. Eliot

 “Let us go then, you and I,

When the evening is spread out against the sky

Like a patient etherized upon a table;

Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets,

The muttering retreats

Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels

And sawdust restaurants with oyster-shells:

Streets that follow like a tedious argument.

Of insidious intent

To lead you to an overwhelming question …

Oh, do not ask, “What is it?”

Let us go and make our visit.”

This extract is from the poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” by T. S. Eliot, a famous and popular modern poet. He has highlighted the thoughts of a modern young man who is madly in love but still hesitates from expressing it. Therefore, he faces an existential dilemma The poem highlights his psychological state of mind through this contemporary monologue. This extract highlights this dilemma of hesitation in the very first line and then is repeated in the last line.

 Example #3

Lady Lazarus  by Sylvia Plath

 I have done it again.

One year in every ten

I manage it—

A sort of walking miracle, my skin

Bright as a Nazi lampshade,

My right foot.

A paperweight,

My face a featureless, fine

Jew linen.

This extract is from the famous monologue of Sylvia Plath’s “Lady Lazarus.” It also highlights her psychological state of mind about her act of committing suicide and subsequent failure. She has likened this act to the Holocaust to create her own powerful monologue.

Example #4

Dover Beach By Matthew Arnold

“The sea is calm tonight.

The tide is full, the moon lies fair

Upon the straits; on the French coast the light

Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand,

Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay.

Come to the window, sweet is the night-air!”

“Dover Beach” is another example of such an autobiographical monologue of Matthew Arnold. He has highlighted his own situation and his reaction over the sorrow that he is experiencing. This monologue expressed his thoughts about his bride when they were on honeymoon on the same breach. He recalls the past and writes about the sea again.

COSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
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๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ

Example #5

 “Hawk’s Monologue” by Ted Hughes

 “I sit in the top of the wood, my eyes closed.
Inaction, no falsifying dream
Between my hooked head and hooked feet:
Or in sleep rehearse perfect kills and eat.

The convenience of the high trees.
The air’s buoyancy and the sun’s ray
Are of advantage to me;
And the earth’s face upward for my inspection.”

These are the first two stanzas of the famous monologue of Ted Hughes. This poem presents a hawk perching high on a tree, thinking about his power and dreams. It presents a psychological state of mind of personified megalomaniac bird how he thinks when he holds power over the lives of other weak birds. This dramatic monologue is an example of how powerful people think when they have control over others.

COSMOS: AN INSTITUTE FOR ENGLISH LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
๐ŸŽฏNET/UPSC/SET/B A/B A HONOURS /MA
๐ŸŽฏDr.Mukesh Kumar Pareek
๐ŸŽฏ15 NET,3 JRF , 2 M.Phil
๐ŸŽฏExpert of Experts,๐ŸŽฏ

Dramatic Monologue Meaning and Function

A monologue functions as a tool to give vent to one’s thoughts. It provides an opportunity for the poets to use powerful words spoken through their characters. So, the characters can express themselves or their ideas without an obstacle or hindrance. A dramatic monologue is also a convenient device to present different characters and their inner thoughts through verses.



Monday, February 15, 2021

Points to Qualify JRF in English Literature

English Literature ๐Ÿ–‹✏️๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ–Œ๐Ÿ“˜๐Ÿ“—

Dr Mukesh Pareek 
15 NET/3 JRF/2 M. Phil 
Expert of Experts 
Contact for online as well as offline classes for English Literature NET /JRF 
9828402032
9079953181

1. Father of English Novel ---
→ Henry Fielding
2. Father of English Poem--
→ Geoffrey Chaucer
3. Poet of poets ---
→ Edmund Spenser
4. English Epic poet ---
→ John Milton
5. Both a poet and painter ---
→ Blake

6. Famous mock heroic poet in English Literature
---
→ Alexander Pope
7. The poet of nature in English Literature
---
→ William Wordsworth
8. Poet of beauty in English Literature ---
→ John Keats
9. Rebel poet in English Literature ---
→ Lord Byron
10. Poet of Skylark and Winds---
→ P.B. Shelley
11. Father of Modern English Literature ---
→ G.B. Shaw
12. Most translated author of the world ---
→ V. I. Lenin
13. Bard of Avon ----
→ William Shakespeare

14. Poet of Love/ Metaphysical Poet---
→ John Donne
15. Father of English Criticism ---
→ John Dryden
16. Father of Romanticism ---
→ Coleridge & Wordsworth
17. The Founder of English Prose---
→ Alfred the Great
18. First Sonneteer in English Literature ---
→ Sir Thomas Wyatt
19. Poet of Supernaturalism / Opium Eater
---
→ S.T. Coleridge
20. Father of English Tragedy ---
→ Christopher Marlowe
21. Father of English Eassay ---
→ Francis Bacon
22. The Greatest Modern Dramatist ---
→ George Bernard Shaw...

 ๐Ÿ“Œ๐Ÿงฎ๐Ÿ“š๐Ÿ“™๐Ÿ“–๐Ÿ“•๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ“

1. Who, among the following poets, was a precursor to Romantic Poetry?
Answer: Robert Burns

2. Which novelists is widely known for his use of the stream-of –consciousness
technique?
Answer: James Joyce
3. Which year in the social history of England is associated with the Restoration?
Answer: 1660.

4. Which British dramatist attempted to reform English spelling?
Answer: G.B.Shaw
5. For God’s sake hold your tongue, and let me love
Which poem of Donne begins with these words
Answer: Cannonisation

6. How many pilgrims figure in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales?
Answer: 29
7. In which year was Henry VIII acknowledged the Supreme Head on the Earth of the
English church?
Answer: 1534
8. Identify the tragedy written by Ben Jonson
Answer: Sejanus

9. “…though we cannot make our sun / stand still, yet we will make him run”. Identify
the source of these lines from Marvell.
Answer: To His Coy Mistress
10. Which book of Paradise Lost opens with these lines:
‘Of Man’s first disobedience , and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree whose mortal taste
Brought death into the world?
Answer: Book I

11. Who said of Chaucer’s characters: ‘it is sufficient to say, according to the proverb,
that here is God’s plenty?
Answer: Dryden
12. Which poem begins with these lines :
The curfew tolls the knell of parting day
The lowing herd win slowly o’er the lea
The plowman homeward plots his weary way”?
Answer: Elegy written in a Country Churchyard

13. “ To me the meanest flower that blows can give
Thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears”
In which poem of Wordsworth would you come across these lines?

Answer: Ode: Intimations of Immortality
14. Which novel of Joyce begins with these words: “once upon a time and very good time
it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow that was
coming down along the road met a nicens little boy named baby tuckoo….?
Answer: A Portrait of an artist as a Young Man.

15. In which novel would you come across this line: “Ralph wept for the end of
innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise
friend called Piggy’?
Answer: Lord of the Flies

16. Name the first novel of Dorris Lessing.
Answer: The Grass is Singing (1950)
17. Which novel of D.H.Lawrence ends with these words: “But no, he would not give in.
Turning sharply, he walked towards the city’s gold phosphorescence. His fists were
shut, his mouth set fast. He would not take that direction, to the darkness, to follow
her. He walked towards the family humming, glowing town, quickly.”
Answer: Sons and Lovers.

18. “They give birth astride of a grave, the light gleams an instant, then it’s night once
more!”
Who makes this observation in Waiting for Godot?
Answer: Pozzo
19. What is the title of the second section of The Waste Land?
Answer: A Game of Chess

20. In which poem of Owen would you come across the following lines?
What passing-bells for these who die as cattle?
- only the monstrous anger of eth guns.
Only the stuttering rifles’ rapid rattle
Can patter out their hasty orisons?
Answer: Anthem for the Doomed Youth
21. Which African American spoke about ‘Double-Consciousness’?
Answer: W.E.B.Du Bois

22. I too, sing America
I am the darker brother
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes”
Whose words are these?
Answer: Langston Hughes
23. Who is the author of Invisible Man?
Answer: Ellison

24. Who wrote In Search of Our Mother’s Gardens?
Answer: Alice Walker
25. Who is the first African American to be named poet laureate of USA?
Answer: Rita Dove

26. You may write me down in history
With your bitter, twisted lies,
You may trod me in the very dirt
But still, like dust, I’ll rise
Whose words are these?
Answer: Maya Angelou’s Still I Rise.
27. Who is the young man in Hawthorne’s “My Kinsman, Major Molineux”?
Answer: Robin

28. “In every work of genius we recognize our own rejected thoughts: they come back to
us with a certain alienated majesty.”
Answer: Emerson from Self –Reliance
29. What, according to Poe in ‘The Philosophy of Composition’, is the ‘proper length’ of a
poem?
Answer: About one Hundred Lines

30. When was Uncle Tom’s Cabin published as a book
Answer: 1852
31. “I celebrate myself, and sing myself,
For what I assume you shall assume,
For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.”
Answer: Whitman form Song of Myself

32. In which novel do you come across Starbug and Queequeq?
Answer: Moby Dick
33. In which play of Arthur Miller do you come across the line
“A man is not an orange. You can’t eat the fruit and throw the peel away”?
Answer: Death of Salesman (Willy to Howard)

34. Which poem of Elizabeth Bishop begins with these lines:
“The art of losing isn’t hard to master;
So many things seem filled with the intent
So be lost that their loss is no disaster”?
Answer: One Art (first three lines)

35. In which novel would you come across the Shepherdsons and the Grangerfords?
Answer: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
36. Who wrote the essay “The Art of Fiction”?
Answer: James
37. Who wrote ‘The Awakening’?
Answer: Kate Chopin

38. Which poem of Sylvia Plath opens with these lines?
“I have done it again.
One year in every ten
I manage it-“?
Answer: Lady Lazarus

39. Name the author of Gravity’s Rainbow?
Answer: Thomas Pynchon
40. Name the author Oleanna.
Answer: Mamet
41. How many songs does Gitanjali Contain?
Answer: 103
42. Which British novelist was instrumental in getting a publisher for R.K.Narayan’s first
four books?
Answer: Graham Green

43. Which poem of A.K.Ramanujam begins with the following lines?
“In Madurai,
City of temples and poets,
Who sang of cities and temples,
Every summer…”
Answer: A River
44. In which Indian drama would you come across Om and Jaya?
Answer: Harvest by Manjula Padmanabhan

45. Among the following which novel has NOT won the Booker Prize?
Answer: Fasting, Feasting (but shortlisted for the Booker Prize in 1999)
46. In which of the novel of Anita Desai would you come across Nanda Kaul and Raka?
Answer: Fire on the Mountain
47. In which poem of Ezekiel would come across these words?
“A poet rascal-clown was born,
The frightened child who would not eat
Or sleep, a boy of meager bone.
He never learnt to fly a kite”.
Answer: Background, Casually

48. “We cannot write like the English. We should not. We cannot write only as Indiams.
…. Our method of expression therefore has to be a dialect which will someday prove
to be as distinctive and colourful as the Irish or the American”
Answer: Raja Rao’s in the preface to ‘Kanthapura’.

49. Which play of Dattani deals with the hijras?
Answer: Seven Steps Around the Fire
50. Which is Kamala Markandaya’s first novel?
Answer: Nectar in the Seive
51. Who established Dhvanyaloka, a centre for Indian English Literature?
Answer: C.D.Narasimhaiah in 1952.

52. Who is the author of The Perishable Empire?
Answer: Meenakshi Mukherjee
53. Which novel of Vikram Seth was inspired by Pushkin’s Eugene Onegin?
Answer: The Golden Gate
54. Who wrote The Great Indian Novel?
Answer: Shashi Tharoor
55. Name the missing novel in AMitav Ghosh’s Ibis Trilogy (Sea of Poppies, River of
Smoke, and……?)
Answer: Flood of Fire

56. Which poem of Kamala Das begins with these lines
“I don’t know politics but I know the names
Of those in power, and can repeat them like
Days of Week, or names of months….”
Answer: An Introduction
57. Who is the author of The Algebra of Infinite Justice?
Answer: Arundhati Roy

58. Name the author of So Many Hungers.
Answer: Bhabani Bhattacharya
59. Name the author of The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian.
Answer: Nirad Chaudhuri
60. Who wrote the poem “Our Casuarina Tree”?
Answer: Toru Dutt

61. What prize did Michael Ondaatje win for The English Patient?
Answer: Man Booker Prize
62. In White’s Voss, who is the patron of Voss’s expedition?
Answer: Bonner

63. Name the author of Funny Boy?
Answer: Shyam Selvadurai
64. Name the maiden novel of Chiamananda Ngozi Adichie.
Answer: Purple Hibiscus in 2003

65. In which novel of Margaret Atwood would you come across Offred and Serena Joy?
Answer: The Handmaid’s Tale
66. Who wrote The Ecstasy of Rita Joe?
Answer: George Ryga

67. Which country is referred to in these lines?
“And her five cities, like five teeming sores
Each drains her: a vast parasite-robber state
While second-hand Europeans pullulate
Timidly on the edge of alien shores”
Answer: Australia by A.D.Hope

68. Identify the author of the play Dream on Monkey Mountain.
Answer: Derek Walcott
69. Name the maiden novel of Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni.
Answer: The Mistress of Spices
70. Who edited The Arnold Anthology of Post-Colonial Literatures in English?
Answer: John Thieme

71. “The poet, he nothing affirmeth, and therefore never lieth”….
Answer: Sidney in “Apology for Poetry”
72. “There are four speakers in Dryden’s An Essay of Dramatic Poesy” (Eugenius, Crites,
Lisideius and …..) Who is the fourth speaker?
Answer: Neander

73. “His tragedy seems to be skill, his comedy to be instinct.” Which playwright is
referred to in this comment?
Answer: Shakespeare in Johnson’s “Preface to Shakespeare”

74. “It may be safely affirmed, that there neither is, nor can be, any essential dfference
between the languages of prose and metrical composition”. Identify the speaker.
Answer: Wordsworth in “Preface to Lyrical Ballads”

75. “Poetry is something more scientific and more serious than history, because poetry
ends o give general truths while history gives particular facts.” Whose words are
these?
Answer: Aristotle

76. Who coined the term Neo-Colonialism
?
Nkrumah in 1960’s

77. Who described pastiche as “blank parody”?
Answer: Jameson
78. Whose theoretical framework has Edward Said used in Orientalism?
Answer: Derrida

79. Who proposed the concept of the carnivalesque?
Answer: Bhaktin

80. Which essay begins with these words: “ I began with the desire to speak with the
dead”?
Answer: Stephen Greenblatt’s The Circulation of Social Energy
81. In Frye’s “The Archetypes of Literature,” what is winter associated with?
Answer: Satire

82. Who is the author of The Wretched of the Earth?
Answer: Fanon
83. Which Yale Deconstructor was accused of being a Nazi sympathizer?
Answer: De man
84. Who wrote about organic intellectuals?
Answer: Gramsci

85. Who made a distinction between RSA and ISA?
Answer: Althusser
86. When was the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies established at the
University of Birmingham?
Answer: 1964 by Richard Hoggart

87. Who declared that “Chaucer is not one of the great classics’’?
Answer: Arnold in The Study of Poetry.
88. In which essay does T.S.Eliot declare that “Criticism is as inevitable as breathing’’?
Answer: Tradition and the Individual Talent

89. Who publicized the concept of “interpretive communities”?
Answer: Fish
90. Who coined the term ecriture feminine?
Answer: Cixous

91. Who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2017?
Answer: Ishiguro
92. What is /v/ in English phonetics?
Answer: Voiced labio-dental frictive

93. How many syllables does the word “inaccessibility”?
Answer: 7 (In-ac-ces-si-bil-i-ty)

94. Who coined the term PS (Phrase Structure) Grammar?
Answer: Chomsky

95. “An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable”-Identify the metre.
Answer: Iambic
96. “Crown” standing for the king-Identify the figure of speech.
Answer: Metonymy

97. The word “Pram” is derived from “perambulator”. What is this process known as?
Answer: Syncopation
98. To what family (of languages) does French belong?
Answer:caltic

99. What is an Alexandrine with reference to metre”?
Answer: A line of six iambic feet
100. Who wrote Refractions:Essays in Comparative Literature?
Answer: Harry LevinTamilnadu

Early English literature  ๐Ÿงฎ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ–‡๐ŸŽŽ

• Normans brought with them Chornicles
• Anglo Saxon Poetry has been derived from Church
• The main result of the victory of Normans  over French as they lost their civilization
• William , the duke of Normandy became the master of England beating the last of the Saxon Kings
• The main outcome of the battle of the Hastings in 1066 was that it changed the civilization of whole nation
• Chanson National Epic is also known as “Chanson de Roland”
• Complete history of Britons was written by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who was a Welsh Monk
• Battle of Hastings , Death of Edward and William of Normandy becomes the king in 1066
• Advocate’s Library gives a complete picture of Normandy Literature

• Merri Greenwood Men ballads were later collected into Geste of Robin Hood
• Seven Wise Masters is a collection of French oriental tales
• The Matter of Greece , is related to tales of Alexander

• Alisoun is the melodious love song written at the end of 13th century
• Rule of Achoresses , an English prose written by Bishop Poore in 1225

• Battle of Brunan was an English victory in 937 by the army of the Athelstan, King of England and his brother Edmund over the Scots.

• Battle of Hastings was fought on 14th October 1066 between Norman French army an English Army under the Anglo Saxon King Harold II.

• The battle of Lewes took place in 1264, conflict known as Second Baron’s War. War took place between Henry III and Simon de Manfort .

• Henry II also known as Henry Curtmentle.( 1154-89)
• Edward I reign 1272 t0 1307 , was first son of Henry III
• Cursor Mundi, a metrical romance was written in 1320
• Edward III defeated the French at the Battle of Poitiers and battle of Crecy in 1336 and 1346. The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle between England and France, popularly known Hundred Years’ War.

• Laurence Minot (1330-1352 ) , he belongs to patriotic versifier.
• The first public school, Winchester College was established in 1373.

• Peasant Revolt also known as Wat Tyler’s revolt was a major revolt of 1381. The problems generated by the black death in 1340. It estimated 75 to 200 million people died in Europe.

• Fall of Constantinople, the capital of eastern Roman Empire (6th April -29th of May 1453.

• Black Death 1348-49
• Battle of Crecy was in 1346

• Henry IV ascended the throne in 1399 to 1413
• The war of roses was the series of dynastic wars of the throne of England. Between House of York and house of Lancaster (1455-1487)

• Post Chaucerian period is known as 1400-1455
• Edward III came to the throne in 1327.
• Richard II came to the throne in 1377

• East midland dialect became standard English (king’s English) by the time of Chaucer.
• In war of Roses , roses stands for Houses.
• Henry VII is also known as defender of the faith.

• French had become official language after Norman conquest in 1066
• Magna Carta in 1215
• 1340 , birth of Geoffrey Chaucer
• 1370 , Chaucer wrote Book of Duchess

• 1377 , Langland wrote Piers Plowmen

• 1400 , death of Chaucer and murder of Richard II
• 1415, Battle of Agincourt
• William Caxton, History of troy, the First book in Engl Iish in the year 1474-75.English Literature ๐Ÿ–‹✏️๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ–Œ๐Ÿ“˜๐Ÿ“—

1. Father of English Novel ---
→ Henry Fielding
2. Father of English Poem--
→ Geoffrey Chaucer
3. Poet of poets ---
→ Edmund Spenser
4. English Epic poet ---
→ John Milton
5. Both a poet and painter ---
→ Blake

6. Famous mock heroic poet in English Literature
---
→ Alexander Pope
7. The poet of nature in English Literature
---
→ William Wordsworth
8. Poet of beauty in English Literature ---
→ John Keats
9. Rebel poet in English Literature ---
→ Lord Byron
10. Poet of Skylark and Winds---
→ P.B. Shelley
11. Father of Modern English Literature ---
→ G.B. Shaw
12. Most translated author of the world ---
→ V. I. Lenin
13. Bard of Avon ----
→ William Shakespeare

14. Poet of Love/ Metaphysical Poet---
→ John Donne
15. Father of English Criticism ---
→ John Dryden
16. Father of Romanticism ---
→ Coleridge & Wordsworth
17. The Founder of English Prose---
→ Alfred the Great
18. First Sonneteer in English Literature ---
→ Sir Thomas Wyatt
19. Poet of Supernaturalism / Opium Eater
---
→ S.T. Coleridge
20. Father of English Tragedy ---
→ Christopher Marlowe
21. Father of English Eassay ---
→ Francis Bacon
22. The Greatest Modern Dramatist ---
→ George Bernard Shaw...

 ๐Ÿ“Œ๐Ÿงฎ๐Ÿ“š๐Ÿ“™๐Ÿ“–๐Ÿ“•๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ“

1. Who, among the following poets, was a precursor to Romantic Poetry?
Answer: Robert Burns

2. Which novelists is widely known for his use of the stream-of –consciousness
technique?
Answer: James Joyce
3. Which year in the social history of England is associated with the Restoration?
Answer: 1660.

4. Which British dramatist attempted to reform English spelling?
Answer: G.B.Shaw
5. For God’s sake hold your tongue, and let me love
Which poem of Donne begins with these words
Answer: Cannonisation

6. How many pilgrims figure in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales?
Answer: 29
7. In which year was Henry VIII acknowledged the Supreme Head on the Earth of the
English church?
Answer: 1534
8. Identify the tragedy written by Ben Jonson
Answer: Sejanus

9. “…though we cannot make our sun / stand still, yet we will make him run”. Identify
the source of these lines from Marvell.
Answer: To His Coy Mistress
10. Which book of Paradise Lost opens with these lines:
‘Of Man’s first disobedience , and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree whose mortal taste
Brought death into the world?
Answer: Book I

11. Who said of Chaucer’s characters: ‘it is sufficient to say, according to the proverb,
that here is God’s plenty?
Answer: Dryden
12. Which poem begins with these lines :
The curfew tolls the knell of parting day
The lowing herd win slowly o’er the lea
The plowman homeward plots his weary way”?
Answer: Elegy written in a Country Churchyard

13. “ To me the meanest flower that blows can give
Thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears”
In which poem of Wordsworth would you come across these lines?

Answer: Ode: Intimations of Immortality
14. Which novel of Joyce begins with these words: “once upon a time and very good time
it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow that was
coming down along the road met a nicens little boy named baby tuckoo….?
Answer: A Portrait of an artist as a Young Man.

15. In which novel would you come across this line: “Ralph wept for the end of
innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise
friend called Piggy’?
Answer: Lord of the Flies

16. Name the first novel of Dorris Lessing.
Answer: The Grass is Singing (1950)
17. Which novel of D.H.Lawrence ends with these words: “But no, he would not give in.
Turning sharply, he walked towards the city’s gold phosphorescence. His fists were
shut, his mouth set fast. He would not take that direction, to the darkness, to follow
her. He walked towards the family humming, glowing town, quickly.”
Answer: Sons and Lovers.

18. “They give birth astride of a grave, the light gleams an instant, then it’s night once
more!”
Who makes this observation in Waiting for Godot?
Answer: Pozzo
19. What is the title of the second section of The Waste Land?
Answer: A Game of Chess

20. In which poem of Owen would you come across the following lines?
What passing-bells for these who die as cattle?
- only the monstrous anger of eth guns.
Only the stuttering rifles’ rapid rattle
Can patter out their hasty orisons?
Answer: Anthem for the Doomed Youth
21. Which African American spoke about ‘Double-Consciousness’?
Answer: W.E.B.Du Bois

22. I too, sing America
I am the darker brother
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes”
Whose words are these?
Answer: Langston Hughes
23. Who is the author of Invisible Man?
Answer: Ellison

24. Who wrote In Search of Our Mother’s Gardens?
Answer: Alice Walker
25. Who is the first African American to be named poet laureate of USA?
Answer: Rita Dove

26. You may write me down in history
With your bitter, twisted lies,
You may trod me in the very dirt
But still, like dust, I’ll rise
Whose words are these?
Answer: Maya Angelou’s Still I Rise.
27. Who is the young man in Hawthorne’s “My Kinsman, Major Molineux”?
Answer: Robin

28. “In every work of genius we recognize our own rejected thoughts: they come back to
us with a certain alienated majesty.”
Answer: Emerson from Self –Reliance
29. What, according to Poe in ‘The Philosophy of Composition’, is the ‘proper length’ of a
poem?
Answer: About one Hundred Lines

30. When was Uncle Tom’s Cabin published as a book
Answer: 1852
31. “I celebrate myself, and sing myself,
For what I assume you shall assume,
For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.”
Answer: Whitman form Song of Myself

32. In which novel do you come across Starbug and Queequeq?
Answer: Moby Dick
33. In which play of Arthur Miller do you come across the line
“A man is not an orange. You can’t eat the fruit and throw the peel away”?
Answer: Death of Salesman (Willy to Howard)

34. Which poem of Elizabeth Bishop begins with these lines:
“The art of losing isn’t hard to master;
So many things seem filled with the intent
So be lost that their loss is no disaster”?
Answer: One Art (first three lines)

35. In which novel would you come across the Shepherdsons and the Grangerfords?
Answer: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
36. Who wrote the essay “The Art of Fiction”?
Answer: James
37. Who wrote ‘The Awakening’?
Answer: Kate Chopin

38. Which poem of Sylvia Plath opens with these lines?
“I have done it again.
One year in every ten
I manage it-“?
Answer: Lady Lazarus

39. Name the author of Gravity’s Rainbow?
Answer: Thomas Pynchon
40. Name the author Oleanna.
Answer: Mamet
41. How many songs does Gitanjali Contain?
Answer: 103
42. Which British novelist was instrumental in getting a publisher for R.K.Narayan’s first
four books?
Answer: Graham Green

43. Which poem of A.K.Ramanujam begins with the following lines?
“In Madurai,
City of temples and poets,
Who sang of cities and temples,
Every summer…”
Answer: A River
44. In which Indian drama would you come across Om and Jaya?
Answer: Harvest by Manjula Padmanabhan

45. Among the following which novel has NOT won the Booker Prize?
Answer: Fasting, Feasting (but shortlisted for the Booker Prize in 1999)
46. In which of the novel of Anita Desai would you come across Nanda Kaul and Raka?
Answer: Fire on the Mountain
47. In which poem of Ezekiel would come across these words?
“A poet rascal-clown was born,
The frightened child who would not eat
Or sleep, a boy of meager bone.
He never learnt to fly a kite”.
Answer: Background, Casually

48. “We cannot write like the English. We should not. We cannot write only as Indiams.
…. Our method of expression therefore has to be a dialect which will someday prove
to be as distinctive and colourful as the Irish or the American”
Answer: Raja Rao’s in the preface to ‘Kanthapura’.

49. Which play of Dattani deals with the hijras?
Answer: Seven Steps Around the Fire
50. Which is Kamala Markandaya’s first novel?
Answer: Nectar in the Seive
51. Who established Dhvanyaloka, a centre for Indian English Literature?
Answer: C.D.Narasimhaiah in 1952.

52. Who is the author of The Perishable Empire?
Answer: Meenakshi Mukherjee
53. Which novel of Vikram Seth was inspired by Pushkin’s Eugene Onegin?
Answer: The Golden Gate
54. Who wrote The Great Indian Novel?
Answer: Shashi Tharoor
55. Name the missing novel in AMitav Ghosh’s Ibis Trilogy (Sea of Poppies, River of
Smoke, and……?)
Answer: Flood of Fire

56. Which poem of Kamala Das begins with these lines
“I don’t know politics but I know the names
Of those in power, and can repeat them like
Days of Week, or names of months….”
Answer: An Introduction
57. Who is the author of The Algebra of Infinite Justice?
Answer: Arundhati Roy

58. Name the author of So Many Hungers.
Answer: Bhabani Bhattacharya
59. Name the author of The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian.
Answer: Nirad Chaudhuri
60. Who wrote the poem “Our Casuarina Tree”?
Answer: Toru Dutt

61. What prize did Michael Ondaatje win for The English Patient?
Answer: Man Booker Prize
62. In White’s Voss, who is the patron of Voss’s expedition?
Answer: Bonner

63. Name the author of Funny Boy?
Answer: Shyam Selvadurai
64. Name the maiden novel of Chiamananda Ngozi Adichie.
Answer: Purple Hibiscus in 2003

65. In which novel of Margaret Atwood would you come across Offred and Serena Joy?
Answer: The Handmaid’s Tale
66. Who wrote The Ecstasy of Rita Joe?
Answer: George Ryga

67. Which country is referred to in these lines?
“And her five cities, like five teeming sores
Each drains her: a vast parasite-robber state
While second-hand Europeans pullulate
Timidly on the edge of alien shores”
Answer: Australia by A.D.Hope

68. Identify the author of the play Dream on Monkey Mountain.
Answer: Derek Walcott
69. Name the maiden novel of Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni.
Answer: The Mistress of Spices
70. Who edited The Arnold Anthology of Post-Colonial Literatures in English?
Answer: John Thieme

71. “The poet, he nothing affirmeth, and therefore never lieth”….
Answer: Sidney in “Apology for Poetry”
72. “There are four speakers in Dryden’s An Essay of Dramatic Poesy” (Eugenius, Crites,
Lisideius and …..) Who is the fourth speaker?
Answer: Neander

73. “His tragedy seems to be skill, his comedy to be instinct.” Which playwright is
referred to in this comment?
Answer: Shakespeare in Johnson’s “Preface to Shakespeare”

74. “It may be safely affirmed, that there neither is, nor can be, any essential dfference
between the languages of prose and metrical composition”. Identify the speaker.
Answer: Wordsworth in “Preface to Lyrical Ballads”

75. “Poetry is something more scientific and more serious than history, because poetry
ends o give general truths while history gives particular facts.” Whose words are
these?
Answer: Aristotle

76. Who coined the term Neo-Colonialism
?
Nkrumah in 1960’s

77. Who described pastiche as “blank parody”?
Answer: Jameson
78. Whose theoretical framework has Edward Said used in Orientalism?
Answer: Derrida

79. Who proposed the concept of the carnivalesque?
Answer: Bhaktin

80. Which essay begins with these words: “ I began with the desire to speak with the
dead”?
Answer: Stephen Greenblatt’s The Circulation of Social Energy
81. In Frye’s “The Archetypes of Literature,” what is winter associated with?
Answer: Satire

82. Who is the author of The Wretched of the Earth?
Answer: Fanon
83. Which Yale Deconstructor was accused of being a Nazi sympathizer?
Answer: De man
84. Who wrote about organic intellectuals?
Answer: Gramsci

85. Who made a distinction between RSA and ISA?
Answer: Althusser
86. When was the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies established at the
University of Birmingham?
Answer: 1964 by Richard Hoggart

87. Who declared that “Chaucer is not one of the great classics’’?
Answer: Arnold in The Study of Poetry.
88. In which essay does T.S.Eliot declare that “Criticism is as inevitable as breathing’’?
Answer: Tradition and the Individual Talent

89. Who publicized the concept of “interpretive communities”?
Answer: Fish
90. Who coined the term ecriture feminine?
Answer: Cixous

91. Who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2017?
Answer: Ishiguro
92. What is /v/ in English phonetics?
Answer: Voiced labio-dental frictive

93. How many syllables does the word “inaccessibility”?
Answer: 7 (In-ac-ces-si-bil-i-ty)

94. Who coined the term PS (Phrase Structure) Grammar?
Answer: Chomsky

95. “An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable”-Identify the metre.
Answer: Iambic
96. “Crown” standing for the king-Identify the figure of speech.
Answer: Metonymy

97. The word “Pram” is derived from “perambulator”. What is this process known as?
Answer: Syncopation
98. To what family (of languages) does French belong?
Answer:caltic

99. What is an Alexandrine with reference to metre”?
Answer: A line of six iambic feet
100. Who wrote Refractions:Essays in Comparative Literature?
Answer: Harry LevinTamilnadu

Early English literature  ๐Ÿงฎ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ–‡๐ŸŽŽ

• Normans brought with them Chornicles
• Anglo Saxon Poetry has been derived from Church
• The main result of the victory of Normans  over French as they lost their civilization
• William , the duke of Normandy became the master of England beating the last of the Saxon Kings
• The main outcome of the battle of the Hastings in 1066 was that it changed the civilization of whole nation
• Chanson National Epic is also known as “Chanson de Roland”
• Complete history of Britons was written by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who was a Welsh Monk
• Battle of Hastings , Death of Edward and William of Normandy becomes the king in 1066
• Advocate’s Library gives a complete picture of Normandy Literature

• Merri Greenwood Men ballads were later collected into Geste of Robin Hood
• Seven Wise Masters is a collection of French oriental tales
• The Matter of Greece , is related to tales of Alexander

• Alisoun is the melodious love song written at the end of 13th century
• Rule of Achoresses , an English prose written by Bishop Poore in 1225

• Battle of Brunan was an English victory in 937 by the army of the Athelstan, King of England and his brother Edmund over the Scots.

• Battle of Hastings was fought on 14th October 1066 between Norman French army an English Army under the Anglo Saxon King Harold II.

• The battle of Lewes took place in 1264, conflict known as Second Baron’s War. War took place between Henry III and Simon de Manfort .

• Henry II also known as Henry Curtmentle.( 1154-89)
• Edward I reign 1272 t0 1307 , was first son of Henry III
• Cursor Mundi, a metrical romance was written in 1320
• Edward III defeated the French at the Battle of Poitiers and battle of Crecy in 1336 and 1346. The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle between England and France, popularly known Hundred Years’ War.

• Laurence Minot (1330-1352 ) , he belongs to patriotic versifier.
• The first public school, Winchester College was established in 1373.

• Peasant Revolt also known as Wat Tyler’s revolt was a major revolt of 1381. The problems generated by the black death in 1340. It estimated 75 to 200 million people died in Europe.

• Fall of Constantinople, the capital of eastern Roman Empire (6th April -29th of May 1453.

• Black Death 1348-49
• Battle of Crecy was in 1346

• Henry IV ascended the throne in 1399 to 1413
• The war of roses was the series of dynastic wars of the throne of England. Between House of York and house of Lancaster (1455-1487)

• Post Chaucerian period is known as 1400-1455
• Edward III came to the throne in 1327.
• Richard II came to the throne in 1377

• East midland dialect became standard English (king’s English) by the time of Chaucer.
• In war of Roses , roses stands for Houses.
• Henry VII is also known as defender of the faith.

• French had become official language after Norman conquest in 1066
• Magna Carta in 1215
• 1340 , birth of Geoffrey Chaucer
• 1370 , Chaucer wrote Book of Duchess

• 1377 , Langland wrote Piers Plowmen

• 1400 , death of Chaucer and murder of Richard II
• 1415, Battle of Agincourt
• William Caxton, History of troy, the First book in Engl Iish in the year 1474-75.

Monday, February 8, 2021

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

#Imp_Mcqs_On_Literary_Criticism & #Theory 

◆ Who gave the maxim '#Make_it_New'.
Ans: #Ezra_Pound

◆ "#Sexual_Politics",in which the writer examines how the power relations work and how men manipulate and perpetuate male dominance over women, is written by?
Ans: #Kate_Millet

◆ "Gynocriticism", the criticism concerning with writings by women and all aspects of their production and interpretation.
Who gave this concept?
Ans: #Elaine_Showalter

◆ "Perhaps I may allow the Dean
Had too much satire in his vein,
And seem'd determined not to starve it,
Because no age could more deserve it."
The lines are written by:
Ans.#Swift

◆ “a model…I have since judged to be ill-fated and catastrophic, but one I still love…"
Whom does #Derrida refer to as ‘#the_model’ here?
Ans: #Sartre

◆  "I would rather have an acknowledged and controlled subjectivity than an objectivity which is finally an illusion."
Who said above line : 
Ans: #Stanley_Fish

◆ "#Panopticism" is the title of a chapter in a well known book by
Ans: #Michel_Faucault

◆ "Deconstruction is not a dismantling of the structure of a text, but a demonstration that it has already dismantled itself".. 
Who explained that ? 
Ans: #J_Hillis_Miller

◆ "I admire Jonson but I love Shakespeare."
Who said,? 
Ans: #John_Dryden 

◆"It is impossible for anyone who undertakes the office of a critic to omit the study of Aristotle without any great harm." Who said this?
Ans: #Saintsbury

◆ Who calls imagination  
"a magical and synthetic power" ?
Ans: #Coleridge 

◆ #Theory_of_Imagination  was produced by: 
Ans: #Addison  

◆Who among the following calls #Longinus as the #first_romantic_critic "
Ans: #RA_Scott_James

◆ Who said that "a poet is a light winged and holy thing"?
Ans.#Plato 

◆ Who gave the concept of "#open_text" and "#closed_text" :
Ans: #Umberto_Eco

◆ Who, is credited with coining the term "#modernity " to refer to the fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility of artistic expression to capture that experience? 
Ans: #Charles_Baudlaire
 Baudlaire, the 19th century French poet and critic, is best known for his #The_Flowers_of_Evil. 
He uses the term '#modernity' in his essay, #The_Painter_of_Modern_Life (1864). Baudlaire was also the pioneering translator of Edgar Allen Poe.

QUIZ TIME

A Long Quiz on English Literature NET exam  1.The poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" was first published in 1915 at the re...