New Criticism: Important Texts Quiz
Q. 1.Who wrote The New Criticism, giving the movement its name?
Monroe C. Beardsley
John Crowe Ransom
Q.2. What do Wimsatt and Beardsley rail against in "The Intentional Fallacy"?
The idea that authors are the ultimate source of meaning.
Reading poems as poems.
Watching movie adaptations of novels.
Q. 3.According to the title of his well-known work, what was William Empson analyzing?
"13 ways of looking at a blackbird."
Seven Types of Ambiguity.
Hundreds of soap operas.
Q. 4.In which work would you learn about "the heresy of paraphrase"?
William Empson's Seven Types of Ambiguity
Cleanth Brooks's The Well Wrought Urn
Yvor Winters's poetry
James Joyce's Ulysses
Q. 5.What major work of New Criticism became a standard textbook?
Understanding Poetry, by Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren
The New Criticism, by John Crowe Ransom
Miss Emily and the Bibliographer, by Allen Tate
The Intentional Fallacy, by Wimsatt and Beardsley
Q.6. Which critics helped kick start the ideas behind New Criticism?
T.S. Eliot and Ezra Pound
Roland Barthes and Michel Foucault
Raymond Williams and Terry Eagleton
Roger Ebert and Richard Roeper
Q.7. Who coined the term "the heresy of paraphrase," and argued against paraphrasing poems?
William K. Wimsatt
Q. 8.What did I.A. Richards do to study how people interpret literature?
Read the classics.
Studied the political and biographical history of all his favorite authors.
Took the names of authors off poems, and asked students to analyze them.
Stood on his head.
Q.9. Which New Critics said "Judging a poem is like judging a pudding or a machine"?
Allen Tate and John Crowe Ransom
William K. Wimsatt and Monroe C. Beardsley
I.A. Richards and William Empson
Marx and Engels
Q. 10.What did many New Critics do, besides closely read poems?
Q. 11.What method is closely associated with New Criticism?
Analyzing how texts reflect their historical moment
Exposing power relations
Q. 12.What were New Critics reacting against?
Feminist readings of texts
Historical and biographical readings of texts
Oprah's book club
Q. 13.Which genre did the New Critics most enjoy analyzing?
Q.14. If you're reading like a New Critic, what sort of things are you looking for?
Ambiguity, tension, irony, paradox, technique, form.
Clues to the author's love life, dreams, and relationship to his/her parents.
Hints about the author's politics.
Evidence for what life was like back in the day.
Q. 15.What essay title sounds most like a New Critic writing?
"Love in the Elizabethan Court: Poetic Clues to the Queen's Preferences"
"How Victorian Readers Responded to Marriage Plots"
"Ambiguity and Irony in William Carlos Williams's Poetry"
"Sewers and Dumpsters: Modern Waste Collection"