Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Common Verbs and their Past Tense Forms

Common irregular verbs in English in a table



The most common irregular verbs in English

A → Irregular verbs in the table

B → Affirmative phrase → 1st person singular

C → Affirmative phrase → 3rd person singular

D → Negative phrase → 1st person singular

E → Negative phrase → 3rd person singular

go – went – gone

 infinitivesimple pastpast participle
Ato gowentgone
Bgowenthave gone
Che goeshe wenthe has gone
Ddon't godidn't gohaven't gone
Ehe doesn't gohe didn't gohe hasn't gone

Table of the most common irregular verbs

infinitivesimple pastpast participle
bewas/werebeen
I amI wasI have been
he ishe washe has been
we arewe werewe have been
beatbeatbeaten
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
bet*betbet
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
bringbroughtbrought
buildbuiltbuilt
burstburstburst
buyboughtbought
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
comecamecome
costcostcost
cutcutcut
dealdealtdealt
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
flyflewflown
forgetforgotforgotten
freezefrozefrozen
getgotgot, gotten 
givegavegiven
gowentgone
growgrewgrown
hanghunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lie**laylain
light*litlit
loselostlost
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
paypaidpaid
putputput
readreadread
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
shakeshookshaken
stealstolestolen
shineshoneshone
shootshotshot
show*showedshown
shutshutshut
singsangsung
sinksanksunk
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
speakspokespoken
spendspentspent
springsprangsprung
standstoodstood
stickstuckstuck
swearsworesworn
sweepsweptswept
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
understandunderstoodunderstood
wake*wokewoken
wearworeworn
weavewovewoven
winwonwon
writewrotewritten

* regular form (+ -ed) also possible.

The trend, in English, and especially in American English, is to standardize the irregular verbs. We do not foresee all the irregular verbs ever being standardized, but some of the more minor variations in less commonly used words will probably disappear in the next genration or two.

The following English irregular verbs are now obsolete and use the standard past and participle forms (-ed).

infinitivesimple pastpast participle
burnburntburnt
dreamdreamtdreamt
learnlearntlearnt
smellsmeltsmelt
spellspeltspelt


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