Saturday, February 1, 2020


Word Meanings and Synonyms 

PeevishEasily irritated, testy or annoyedCranky, fractious, grumpy, snappy, waspish
AdageA proverb or bywordAxiom, maxim, dictum, aphorism, precept
MachinationTo plot evilly for personal gainConspiracy, skulduggery, scheme, ruse, manoeuvre
MountebankSomeone who deceives others especially to rob them of their moneyFraudster, impostor, hoaxer, trickster, charlatan
ApocryphalSomething whose authenticity is questionable irrespective of its wide circulationDebatable, fabricated, fictitious, dubious, unsubstantiated
ErsatzAn artificial substance used as a substitute to a natural one, often inferiorAdulterated, fabricated, spurious, unnatural, synthetic
ArchetypeA model on which all others in the same category are basedEpitome, prototype, standard, exemplar, paradigm, paragon
HyperboleAn extravagant statement not meant to be taken literallyAmplification, exaggeration, embellishment, magnification, overstatement
RedundantSurplus, more than what is requiredDisposable, dispensable, superfluous, inessential, expendable
HermitOne who has withdrawn to a solitary life or religious seclusionAscetic, saint, austere, puritanical, abstinent
CajoleTo persuade by buttering up or making promisesFlatter, tempt, beguile, sweet-talk, compliment
EspionageThe act of spying (by the government or otherwise)Intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, spying, tailing
RestiveUnable to remain still, especially because of boredom or dissatisfactionAgitated, anxious, fidgety, jittery, impatient, restless
BrazenShameless or impudentBlatant, unashamed, unabashed, barefaced, unrepentant
AccoladeAny honourAcclaim, award, commendation, laurel, laudation
HarbingerA person or thing which signals the approach of anotherAnnouncer, forerunner, forewarning, herald, prelude
BizarreVery strange or unusualEccentric, aberrant, ludicrous, peculiar, weird, odd
ParochialHaving a limited or narrow outlookConservative, myopic, intolerant, narrow-minded, illiberal
SanguineCheerfully positive and confidentBuoyant, enthusiastic, optimistic, animated, hopeful
MagnanimousLarge-hearted or forgivingAltruistic, generous, bounteous, philanthropic, liberal
SublimeExtreme and unparalleledElevated, exalting, magnificent, resplendent, splendid
RestraintA measure to keep something/someone under controlConstraint, inhibition, judiciousness, prohibition, temperateness
TrepidationTremulous fear or agitationAlarm, apprehension, foreboding, consternation, discomposure
ImperturbableIncapable of being upset or agitatedNonchalant, phlegmatic, relaxed, tranquil, undisturbed
CongenialAgreeable and pleasing in nature or characterComradely, friendly, companionable, hospitable, favourable
StridentMaking or having a harsh soundDiscordant, rasping, raucous, vociferous, clamorous, loud
EgalitarianAsserting equality for all peopleDemocratic, classless, equalitarian, unrestricted, uncensored
ConfluenceThe place where two or more water bodies meetConflux, convergence, junction, meeting

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Today's Question

Arrange the following words of Chomsky in chronological order in which they appeared: (i) Current issues in Linguistic Theory (ii) Syntactic...