Monday, February 15, 2021

Points to Qualify JRF in English Literature

English Literature 🖋✏️📝🖍🖌📘📗

Dr Mukesh Pareek 
15 NET/3 JRF/2 M. Phil 
Expert of Experts 
Contact for online as well as offline classes for English Literature NET /JRF 
9828402032
9079953181

1. Father of English Novel ---
→ Henry Fielding
2. Father of English Poem--
→ Geoffrey Chaucer
3. Poet of poets ---
→ Edmund Spenser
4. English Epic poet ---
→ John Milton
5. Both a poet and painter ---
→ Blake

6. Famous mock heroic poet in English Literature
---
→ Alexander Pope
7. The poet of nature in English Literature
---
→ William Wordsworth
8. Poet of beauty in English Literature ---
→ John Keats
9. Rebel poet in English Literature ---
→ Lord Byron
10. Poet of Skylark and Winds---
→ P.B. Shelley
11. Father of Modern English Literature ---
→ G.B. Shaw
12. Most translated author of the world ---
→ V. I. Lenin
13. Bard of Avon ----
→ William Shakespeare

14. Poet of Love/ Metaphysical Poet---
→ John Donne
15. Father of English Criticism ---
→ John Dryden
16. Father of Romanticism ---
→ Coleridge & Wordsworth
17. The Founder of English Prose---
→ Alfred the Great
18. First Sonneteer in English Literature ---
→ Sir Thomas Wyatt
19. Poet of Supernaturalism / Opium Eater
---
→ S.T. Coleridge
20. Father of English Tragedy ---
→ Christopher Marlowe
21. Father of English Eassay ---
→ Francis Bacon
22. The Greatest Modern Dramatist ---
→ George Bernard Shaw...

 ðŸ“ŒðŸ§®ðŸ“šðŸ“™ðŸ“–📕🔍📝

1. Who, among the following poets, was a precursor to Romantic Poetry?
Answer: Robert Burns

2. Which novelists is widely known for his use of the stream-of –consciousness
technique?
Answer: James Joyce
3. Which year in the social history of England is associated with the Restoration?
Answer: 1660.

4. Which British dramatist attempted to reform English spelling?
Answer: G.B.Shaw
5. For God’s sake hold your tongue, and let me love
Which poem of Donne begins with these words
Answer: Cannonisation

6. How many pilgrims figure in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales?
Answer: 29
7. In which year was Henry VIII acknowledged the Supreme Head on the Earth of the
English church?
Answer: 1534
8. Identify the tragedy written by Ben Jonson
Answer: Sejanus

9. “…though we cannot make our sun / stand still, yet we will make him run”. Identify
the source of these lines from Marvell.
Answer: To His Coy Mistress
10. Which book of Paradise Lost opens with these lines:
‘Of Man’s first disobedience , and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree whose mortal taste
Brought death into the world?
Answer: Book I

11. Who said of Chaucer’s characters: ‘it is sufficient to say, according to the proverb,
that here is God’s plenty?
Answer: Dryden
12. Which poem begins with these lines :
The curfew tolls the knell of parting day
The lowing herd win slowly o’er the lea
The plowman homeward plots his weary way”?
Answer: Elegy written in a Country Churchyard

13. “ To me the meanest flower that blows can give
Thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears”
In which poem of Wordsworth would you come across these lines?

Answer: Ode: Intimations of Immortality
14. Which novel of Joyce begins with these words: “once upon a time and very good time
it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow that was
coming down along the road met a nicens little boy named baby tuckoo….?
Answer: A Portrait of an artist as a Young Man.

15. In which novel would you come across this line: “Ralph wept for the end of
innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise
friend called Piggy’?
Answer: Lord of the Flies

16. Name the first novel of Dorris Lessing.
Answer: The Grass is Singing (1950)
17. Which novel of D.H.Lawrence ends with these words: “But no, he would not give in.
Turning sharply, he walked towards the city’s gold phosphorescence. His fists were
shut, his mouth set fast. He would not take that direction, to the darkness, to follow
her. He walked towards the family humming, glowing town, quickly.”
Answer: Sons and Lovers.

18. “They give birth astride of a grave, the light gleams an instant, then it’s night once
more!”
Who makes this observation in Waiting for Godot?
Answer: Pozzo
19. What is the title of the second section of The Waste Land?
Answer: A Game of Chess

20. In which poem of Owen would you come across the following lines?
What passing-bells for these who die as cattle?
- only the monstrous anger of eth guns.
Only the stuttering rifles’ rapid rattle
Can patter out their hasty orisons?
Answer: Anthem for the Doomed Youth
21. Which African American spoke about ‘Double-Consciousness’?
Answer: W.E.B.Du Bois

22. I too, sing America
I am the darker brother
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes”
Whose words are these?
Answer: Langston Hughes
23. Who is the author of Invisible Man?
Answer: Ellison

24. Who wrote In Search of Our Mother’s Gardens?
Answer: Alice Walker
25. Who is the first African American to be named poet laureate of USA?
Answer: Rita Dove

26. You may write me down in history
With your bitter, twisted lies,
You may trod me in the very dirt
But still, like dust, I’ll rise
Whose words are these?
Answer: Maya Angelou’s Still I Rise.
27. Who is the young man in Hawthorne’s “My Kinsman, Major Molineux”?
Answer: Robin

28. “In every work of genius we recognize our own rejected thoughts: they come back to
us with a certain alienated majesty.”
Answer: Emerson from Self –Reliance
29. What, according to Poe in ‘The Philosophy of Composition’, is the ‘proper length’ of a
poem?
Answer: About one Hundred Lines

30. When was Uncle Tom’s Cabin published as a book
Answer: 1852
31. “I celebrate myself, and sing myself,
For what I assume you shall assume,
For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.”
Answer: Whitman form Song of Myself

32. In which novel do you come across Starbug and Queequeq?
Answer: Moby Dick
33. In which play of Arthur Miller do you come across the line
“A man is not an orange. You can’t eat the fruit and throw the peel away”?
Answer: Death of Salesman (Willy to Howard)

34. Which poem of Elizabeth Bishop begins with these lines:
“The art of losing isn’t hard to master;
So many things seem filled with the intent
So be lost that their loss is no disaster”?
Answer: One Art (first three lines)

35. In which novel would you come across the Shepherdsons and the Grangerfords?
Answer: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
36. Who wrote the essay “The Art of Fiction”?
Answer: James
37. Who wrote ‘The Awakening’?
Answer: Kate Chopin

38. Which poem of Sylvia Plath opens with these lines?
“I have done it again.
One year in every ten
I manage it-“?
Answer: Lady Lazarus

39. Name the author of Gravity’s Rainbow?
Answer: Thomas Pynchon
40. Name the author Oleanna.
Answer: Mamet
41. How many songs does Gitanjali Contain?
Answer: 103
42. Which British novelist was instrumental in getting a publisher for R.K.Narayan’s first
four books?
Answer: Graham Green

43. Which poem of A.K.Ramanujam begins with the following lines?
“In Madurai,
City of temples and poets,
Who sang of cities and temples,
Every summer…”
Answer: A River
44. In which Indian drama would you come across Om and Jaya?
Answer: Harvest by Manjula Padmanabhan

45. Among the following which novel has NOT won the Booker Prize?
Answer: Fasting, Feasting (but shortlisted for the Booker Prize in 1999)
46. In which of the novel of Anita Desai would you come across Nanda Kaul and Raka?
Answer: Fire on the Mountain
47. In which poem of Ezekiel would come across these words?
“A poet rascal-clown was born,
The frightened child who would not eat
Or sleep, a boy of meager bone.
He never learnt to fly a kite”.
Answer: Background, Casually

48. “We cannot write like the English. We should not. We cannot write only as Indiams.
…. Our method of expression therefore has to be a dialect which will someday prove
to be as distinctive and colourful as the Irish or the American”
Answer: Raja Rao’s in the preface to ‘Kanthapura’.

49. Which play of Dattani deals with the hijras?
Answer: Seven Steps Around the Fire
50. Which is Kamala Markandaya’s first novel?
Answer: Nectar in the Seive
51. Who established Dhvanyaloka, a centre for Indian English Literature?
Answer: C.D.Narasimhaiah in 1952.

52. Who is the author of The Perishable Empire?
Answer: Meenakshi Mukherjee
53. Which novel of Vikram Seth was inspired by Pushkin’s Eugene Onegin?
Answer: The Golden Gate
54. Who wrote The Great Indian Novel?
Answer: Shashi Tharoor
55. Name the missing novel in AMitav Ghosh’s Ibis Trilogy (Sea of Poppies, River of
Smoke, and……?)
Answer: Flood of Fire

56. Which poem of Kamala Das begins with these lines
“I don’t know politics but I know the names
Of those in power, and can repeat them like
Days of Week, or names of months….”
Answer: An Introduction
57. Who is the author of The Algebra of Infinite Justice?
Answer: Arundhati Roy

58. Name the author of So Many Hungers.
Answer: Bhabani Bhattacharya
59. Name the author of The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian.
Answer: Nirad Chaudhuri
60. Who wrote the poem “Our Casuarina Tree”?
Answer: Toru Dutt

61. What prize did Michael Ondaatje win for The English Patient?
Answer: Man Booker Prize
62. In White’s Voss, who is the patron of Voss’s expedition?
Answer: Bonner

63. Name the author of Funny Boy?
Answer: Shyam Selvadurai
64. Name the maiden novel of Chiamananda Ngozi Adichie.
Answer: Purple Hibiscus in 2003

65. In which novel of Margaret Atwood would you come across Offred and Serena Joy?
Answer: The Handmaid’s Tale
66. Who wrote The Ecstasy of Rita Joe?
Answer: George Ryga

67. Which country is referred to in these lines?
“And her five cities, like five teeming sores
Each drains her: a vast parasite-robber state
While second-hand Europeans pullulate
Timidly on the edge of alien shores”
Answer: Australia by A.D.Hope

68. Identify the author of the play Dream on Monkey Mountain.
Answer: Derek Walcott
69. Name the maiden novel of Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni.
Answer: The Mistress of Spices
70. Who edited The Arnold Anthology of Post-Colonial Literatures in English?
Answer: John Thieme

71. “The poet, he nothing affirmeth, and therefore never lieth”….
Answer: Sidney in “Apology for Poetry”
72. “There are four speakers in Dryden’s An Essay of Dramatic Poesy” (Eugenius, Crites,
Lisideius and …..) Who is the fourth speaker?
Answer: Neander

73. “His tragedy seems to be skill, his comedy to be instinct.” Which playwright is
referred to in this comment?
Answer: Shakespeare in Johnson’s “Preface to Shakespeare”

74. “It may be safely affirmed, that there neither is, nor can be, any essential dfference
between the languages of prose and metrical composition”. Identify the speaker.
Answer: Wordsworth in “Preface to Lyrical Ballads”

75. “Poetry is something more scientific and more serious than history, because poetry
ends o give general truths while history gives particular facts.” Whose words are
these?
Answer: Aristotle

76. Who coined the term Neo-Colonialism
?
Nkrumah in 1960’s

77. Who described pastiche as “blank parody”?
Answer: Jameson
78. Whose theoretical framework has Edward Said used in Orientalism?
Answer: Derrida

79. Who proposed the concept of the carnivalesque?
Answer: Bhaktin

80. Which essay begins with these words: “ I began with the desire to speak with the
dead”?
Answer: Stephen Greenblatt’s The Circulation of Social Energy
81. In Frye’s “The Archetypes of Literature,” what is winter associated with?
Answer: Satire

82. Who is the author of The Wretched of the Earth?
Answer: Fanon
83. Which Yale Deconstructor was accused of being a Nazi sympathizer?
Answer: De man
84. Who wrote about organic intellectuals?
Answer: Gramsci

85. Who made a distinction between RSA and ISA?
Answer: Althusser
86. When was the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies established at the
University of Birmingham?
Answer: 1964 by Richard Hoggart

87. Who declared that “Chaucer is not one of the great classics’’?
Answer: Arnold in The Study of Poetry.
88. In which essay does T.S.Eliot declare that “Criticism is as inevitable as breathing’’?
Answer: Tradition and the Individual Talent

89. Who publicized the concept of “interpretive communities”?
Answer: Fish
90. Who coined the term ecriture feminine?
Answer: Cixous

91. Who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2017?
Answer: Ishiguro
92. What is /v/ in English phonetics?
Answer: Voiced labio-dental frictive

93. How many syllables does the word “inaccessibility”?
Answer: 7 (In-ac-ces-si-bil-i-ty)

94. Who coined the term PS (Phrase Structure) Grammar?
Answer: Chomsky

95. “An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable”-Identify the metre.
Answer: Iambic
96. “Crown” standing for the king-Identify the figure of speech.
Answer: Metonymy

97. The word “Pram” is derived from “perambulator”. What is this process known as?
Answer: Syncopation
98. To what family (of languages) does French belong?
Answer:caltic

99. What is an Alexandrine with reference to metre”?
Answer: A line of six iambic feet
100. Who wrote Refractions:Essays in Comparative Literature?
Answer: Harry LevinTamilnadu

Early English literature  🧮📏📐🖇🎎

• Normans brought with them Chornicles
• Anglo Saxon Poetry has been derived from Church
• The main result of the victory of Normans  over French as they lost their civilization
• William , the duke of Normandy became the master of England beating the last of the Saxon Kings
• The main outcome of the battle of the Hastings in 1066 was that it changed the civilization of whole nation
• Chanson National Epic is also known as “Chanson de Roland”
• Complete history of Britons was written by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who was a Welsh Monk
• Battle of Hastings , Death of Edward and William of Normandy becomes the king in 1066
• Advocate’s Library gives a complete picture of Normandy Literature

• Merri Greenwood Men ballads were later collected into Geste of Robin Hood
• Seven Wise Masters is a collection of French oriental tales
• The Matter of Greece , is related to tales of Alexander

• Alisoun is the melodious love song written at the end of 13th century
• Rule of Achoresses , an English prose written by Bishop Poore in 1225

• Battle of Brunan was an English victory in 937 by the army of the Athelstan, King of England and his brother Edmund over the Scots.

• Battle of Hastings was fought on 14th October 1066 between Norman French army an English Army under the Anglo Saxon King Harold II.

• The battle of Lewes took place in 1264, conflict known as Second Baron’s War. War took place between Henry III and Simon de Manfort .

• Henry II also known as Henry Curtmentle.( 1154-89)
• Edward I reign 1272 t0 1307 , was first son of Henry III
• Cursor Mundi, a metrical romance was written in 1320
• Edward III defeated the French at the Battle of Poitiers and battle of Crecy in 1336 and 1346. The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle between England and France, popularly known Hundred Years’ War.

• Laurence Minot (1330-1352 ) , he belongs to patriotic versifier.
• The first public school, Winchester College was established in 1373.

• Peasant Revolt also known as Wat Tyler’s revolt was a major revolt of 1381. The problems generated by the black death in 1340. It estimated 75 to 200 million people died in Europe.

• Fall of Constantinople, the capital of eastern Roman Empire (6th April -29th of May 1453.

• Black Death 1348-49
• Battle of Crecy was in 1346

• Henry IV ascended the throne in 1399 to 1413
• The war of roses was the series of dynastic wars of the throne of England. Between House of York and house of Lancaster (1455-1487)

• Post Chaucerian period is known as 1400-1455
• Edward III came to the throne in 1327.
• Richard II came to the throne in 1377

• East midland dialect became standard English (king’s English) by the time of Chaucer.
• In war of Roses , roses stands for Houses.
• Henry VII is also known as defender of the faith.

• French had become official language after Norman conquest in 1066
• Magna Carta in 1215
• 1340 , birth of Geoffrey Chaucer
• 1370 , Chaucer wrote Book of Duchess

• 1377 , Langland wrote Piers Plowmen

• 1400 , death of Chaucer and murder of Richard II
• 1415, Battle of Agincourt
• William Caxton, History of troy, the First book in Engl Iish in the year 1474-75.English Literature 🖋✏️📝🖍🖌📘📗

1. Father of English Novel ---
→ Henry Fielding
2. Father of English Poem--
→ Geoffrey Chaucer
3. Poet of poets ---
→ Edmund Spenser
4. English Epic poet ---
→ John Milton
5. Both a poet and painter ---
→ Blake

6. Famous mock heroic poet in English Literature
---
→ Alexander Pope
7. The poet of nature in English Literature
---
→ William Wordsworth
8. Poet of beauty in English Literature ---
→ John Keats
9. Rebel poet in English Literature ---
→ Lord Byron
10. Poet of Skylark and Winds---
→ P.B. Shelley
11. Father of Modern English Literature ---
→ G.B. Shaw
12. Most translated author of the world ---
→ V. I. Lenin
13. Bard of Avon ----
→ William Shakespeare

14. Poet of Love/ Metaphysical Poet---
→ John Donne
15. Father of English Criticism ---
→ John Dryden
16. Father of Romanticism ---
→ Coleridge & Wordsworth
17. The Founder of English Prose---
→ Alfred the Great
18. First Sonneteer in English Literature ---
→ Sir Thomas Wyatt
19. Poet of Supernaturalism / Opium Eater
---
→ S.T. Coleridge
20. Father of English Tragedy ---
→ Christopher Marlowe
21. Father of English Eassay ---
→ Francis Bacon
22. The Greatest Modern Dramatist ---
→ George Bernard Shaw...

 ðŸ“ŒðŸ§®ðŸ“šðŸ“™ðŸ“–📕🔍📝

1. Who, among the following poets, was a precursor to Romantic Poetry?
Answer: Robert Burns

2. Which novelists is widely known for his use of the stream-of –consciousness
technique?
Answer: James Joyce
3. Which year in the social history of England is associated with the Restoration?
Answer: 1660.

4. Which British dramatist attempted to reform English spelling?
Answer: G.B.Shaw
5. For God’s sake hold your tongue, and let me love
Which poem of Donne begins with these words
Answer: Cannonisation

6. How many pilgrims figure in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales?
Answer: 29
7. In which year was Henry VIII acknowledged the Supreme Head on the Earth of the
English church?
Answer: 1534
8. Identify the tragedy written by Ben Jonson
Answer: Sejanus

9. “…though we cannot make our sun / stand still, yet we will make him run”. Identify
the source of these lines from Marvell.
Answer: To His Coy Mistress
10. Which book of Paradise Lost opens with these lines:
‘Of Man’s first disobedience , and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree whose mortal taste
Brought death into the world?
Answer: Book I

11. Who said of Chaucer’s characters: ‘it is sufficient to say, according to the proverb,
that here is God’s plenty?
Answer: Dryden
12. Which poem begins with these lines :
The curfew tolls the knell of parting day
The lowing herd win slowly o’er the lea
The plowman homeward plots his weary way”?
Answer: Elegy written in a Country Churchyard

13. “ To me the meanest flower that blows can give
Thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears”
In which poem of Wordsworth would you come across these lines?

Answer: Ode: Intimations of Immortality
14. Which novel of Joyce begins with these words: “once upon a time and very good time
it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow that was
coming down along the road met a nicens little boy named baby tuckoo….?
Answer: A Portrait of an artist as a Young Man.

15. In which novel would you come across this line: “Ralph wept for the end of
innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise
friend called Piggy’?
Answer: Lord of the Flies

16. Name the first novel of Dorris Lessing.
Answer: The Grass is Singing (1950)
17. Which novel of D.H.Lawrence ends with these words: “But no, he would not give in.
Turning sharply, he walked towards the city’s gold phosphorescence. His fists were
shut, his mouth set fast. He would not take that direction, to the darkness, to follow
her. He walked towards the family humming, glowing town, quickly.”
Answer: Sons and Lovers.

18. “They give birth astride of a grave, the light gleams an instant, then it’s night once
more!”
Who makes this observation in Waiting for Godot?
Answer: Pozzo
19. What is the title of the second section of The Waste Land?
Answer: A Game of Chess

20. In which poem of Owen would you come across the following lines?
What passing-bells for these who die as cattle?
- only the monstrous anger of eth guns.
Only the stuttering rifles’ rapid rattle
Can patter out their hasty orisons?
Answer: Anthem for the Doomed Youth
21. Which African American spoke about ‘Double-Consciousness’?
Answer: W.E.B.Du Bois

22. I too, sing America
I am the darker brother
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes”
Whose words are these?
Answer: Langston Hughes
23. Who is the author of Invisible Man?
Answer: Ellison

24. Who wrote In Search of Our Mother’s Gardens?
Answer: Alice Walker
25. Who is the first African American to be named poet laureate of USA?
Answer: Rita Dove

26. You may write me down in history
With your bitter, twisted lies,
You may trod me in the very dirt
But still, like dust, I’ll rise
Whose words are these?
Answer: Maya Angelou’s Still I Rise.
27. Who is the young man in Hawthorne’s “My Kinsman, Major Molineux”?
Answer: Robin

28. “In every work of genius we recognize our own rejected thoughts: they come back to
us with a certain alienated majesty.”
Answer: Emerson from Self –Reliance
29. What, according to Poe in ‘The Philosophy of Composition’, is the ‘proper length’ of a
poem?
Answer: About one Hundred Lines

30. When was Uncle Tom’s Cabin published as a book
Answer: 1852
31. “I celebrate myself, and sing myself,
For what I assume you shall assume,
For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.”
Answer: Whitman form Song of Myself

32. In which novel do you come across Starbug and Queequeq?
Answer: Moby Dick
33. In which play of Arthur Miller do you come across the line
“A man is not an orange. You can’t eat the fruit and throw the peel away”?
Answer: Death of Salesman (Willy to Howard)

34. Which poem of Elizabeth Bishop begins with these lines:
“The art of losing isn’t hard to master;
So many things seem filled with the intent
So be lost that their loss is no disaster”?
Answer: One Art (first three lines)

35. In which novel would you come across the Shepherdsons and the Grangerfords?
Answer: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
36. Who wrote the essay “The Art of Fiction”?
Answer: James
37. Who wrote ‘The Awakening’?
Answer: Kate Chopin

38. Which poem of Sylvia Plath opens with these lines?
“I have done it again.
One year in every ten
I manage it-“?
Answer: Lady Lazarus

39. Name the author of Gravity’s Rainbow?
Answer: Thomas Pynchon
40. Name the author Oleanna.
Answer: Mamet
41. How many songs does Gitanjali Contain?
Answer: 103
42. Which British novelist was instrumental in getting a publisher for R.K.Narayan’s first
four books?
Answer: Graham Green

43. Which poem of A.K.Ramanujam begins with the following lines?
“In Madurai,
City of temples and poets,
Who sang of cities and temples,
Every summer…”
Answer: A River
44. In which Indian drama would you come across Om and Jaya?
Answer: Harvest by Manjula Padmanabhan

45. Among the following which novel has NOT won the Booker Prize?
Answer: Fasting, Feasting (but shortlisted for the Booker Prize in 1999)
46. In which of the novel of Anita Desai would you come across Nanda Kaul and Raka?
Answer: Fire on the Mountain
47. In which poem of Ezekiel would come across these words?
“A poet rascal-clown was born,
The frightened child who would not eat
Or sleep, a boy of meager bone.
He never learnt to fly a kite”.
Answer: Background, Casually

48. “We cannot write like the English. We should not. We cannot write only as Indiams.
…. Our method of expression therefore has to be a dialect which will someday prove
to be as distinctive and colourful as the Irish or the American”
Answer: Raja Rao’s in the preface to ‘Kanthapura’.

49. Which play of Dattani deals with the hijras?
Answer: Seven Steps Around the Fire
50. Which is Kamala Markandaya’s first novel?
Answer: Nectar in the Seive
51. Who established Dhvanyaloka, a centre for Indian English Literature?
Answer: C.D.Narasimhaiah in 1952.

52. Who is the author of The Perishable Empire?
Answer: Meenakshi Mukherjee
53. Which novel of Vikram Seth was inspired by Pushkin’s Eugene Onegin?
Answer: The Golden Gate
54. Who wrote The Great Indian Novel?
Answer: Shashi Tharoor
55. Name the missing novel in AMitav Ghosh’s Ibis Trilogy (Sea of Poppies, River of
Smoke, and……?)
Answer: Flood of Fire

56. Which poem of Kamala Das begins with these lines
“I don’t know politics but I know the names
Of those in power, and can repeat them like
Days of Week, or names of months….”
Answer: An Introduction
57. Who is the author of The Algebra of Infinite Justice?
Answer: Arundhati Roy

58. Name the author of So Many Hungers.
Answer: Bhabani Bhattacharya
59. Name the author of The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian.
Answer: Nirad Chaudhuri
60. Who wrote the poem “Our Casuarina Tree”?
Answer: Toru Dutt

61. What prize did Michael Ondaatje win for The English Patient?
Answer: Man Booker Prize
62. In White’s Voss, who is the patron of Voss’s expedition?
Answer: Bonner

63. Name the author of Funny Boy?
Answer: Shyam Selvadurai
64. Name the maiden novel of Chiamananda Ngozi Adichie.
Answer: Purple Hibiscus in 2003

65. In which novel of Margaret Atwood would you come across Offred and Serena Joy?
Answer: The Handmaid’s Tale
66. Who wrote The Ecstasy of Rita Joe?
Answer: George Ryga

67. Which country is referred to in these lines?
“And her five cities, like five teeming sores
Each drains her: a vast parasite-robber state
While second-hand Europeans pullulate
Timidly on the edge of alien shores”
Answer: Australia by A.D.Hope

68. Identify the author of the play Dream on Monkey Mountain.
Answer: Derek Walcott
69. Name the maiden novel of Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni.
Answer: The Mistress of Spices
70. Who edited The Arnold Anthology of Post-Colonial Literatures in English?
Answer: John Thieme

71. “The poet, he nothing affirmeth, and therefore never lieth”….
Answer: Sidney in “Apology for Poetry”
72. “There are four speakers in Dryden’s An Essay of Dramatic Poesy” (Eugenius, Crites,
Lisideius and …..) Who is the fourth speaker?
Answer: Neander

73. “His tragedy seems to be skill, his comedy to be instinct.” Which playwright is
referred to in this comment?
Answer: Shakespeare in Johnson’s “Preface to Shakespeare”

74. “It may be safely affirmed, that there neither is, nor can be, any essential dfference
between the languages of prose and metrical composition”. Identify the speaker.
Answer: Wordsworth in “Preface to Lyrical Ballads”

75. “Poetry is something more scientific and more serious than history, because poetry
ends o give general truths while history gives particular facts.” Whose words are
these?
Answer: Aristotle

76. Who coined the term Neo-Colonialism
?
Nkrumah in 1960’s

77. Who described pastiche as “blank parody”?
Answer: Jameson
78. Whose theoretical framework has Edward Said used in Orientalism?
Answer: Derrida

79. Who proposed the concept of the carnivalesque?
Answer: Bhaktin

80. Which essay begins with these words: “ I began with the desire to speak with the
dead”?
Answer: Stephen Greenblatt’s The Circulation of Social Energy
81. In Frye’s “The Archetypes of Literature,” what is winter associated with?
Answer: Satire

82. Who is the author of The Wretched of the Earth?
Answer: Fanon
83. Which Yale Deconstructor was accused of being a Nazi sympathizer?
Answer: De man
84. Who wrote about organic intellectuals?
Answer: Gramsci

85. Who made a distinction between RSA and ISA?
Answer: Althusser
86. When was the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies established at the
University of Birmingham?
Answer: 1964 by Richard Hoggart

87. Who declared that “Chaucer is not one of the great classics’’?
Answer: Arnold in The Study of Poetry.
88. In which essay does T.S.Eliot declare that “Criticism is as inevitable as breathing’’?
Answer: Tradition and the Individual Talent

89. Who publicized the concept of “interpretive communities”?
Answer: Fish
90. Who coined the term ecriture feminine?
Answer: Cixous

91. Who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2017?
Answer: Ishiguro
92. What is /v/ in English phonetics?
Answer: Voiced labio-dental frictive

93. How many syllables does the word “inaccessibility”?
Answer: 7 (In-ac-ces-si-bil-i-ty)

94. Who coined the term PS (Phrase Structure) Grammar?
Answer: Chomsky

95. “An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable”-Identify the metre.
Answer: Iambic
96. “Crown” standing for the king-Identify the figure of speech.
Answer: Metonymy

97. The word “Pram” is derived from “perambulator”. What is this process known as?
Answer: Syncopation
98. To what family (of languages) does French belong?
Answer:caltic

99. What is an Alexandrine with reference to metre”?
Answer: A line of six iambic feet
100. Who wrote Refractions:Essays in Comparative Literature?
Answer: Harry LevinTamilnadu

Early English literature  🧮📏📐🖇🎎

• Normans brought with them Chornicles
• Anglo Saxon Poetry has been derived from Church
• The main result of the victory of Normans  over French as they lost their civilization
• William , the duke of Normandy became the master of England beating the last of the Saxon Kings
• The main outcome of the battle of the Hastings in 1066 was that it changed the civilization of whole nation
• Chanson National Epic is also known as “Chanson de Roland”
• Complete history of Britons was written by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who was a Welsh Monk
• Battle of Hastings , Death of Edward and William of Normandy becomes the king in 1066
• Advocate’s Library gives a complete picture of Normandy Literature

• Merri Greenwood Men ballads were later collected into Geste of Robin Hood
• Seven Wise Masters is a collection of French oriental tales
• The Matter of Greece , is related to tales of Alexander

• Alisoun is the melodious love song written at the end of 13th century
• Rule of Achoresses , an English prose written by Bishop Poore in 1225

• Battle of Brunan was an English victory in 937 by the army of the Athelstan, King of England and his brother Edmund over the Scots.

• Battle of Hastings was fought on 14th October 1066 between Norman French army an English Army under the Anglo Saxon King Harold II.

• The battle of Lewes took place in 1264, conflict known as Second Baron’s War. War took place between Henry III and Simon de Manfort .

• Henry II also known as Henry Curtmentle.( 1154-89)
• Edward I reign 1272 t0 1307 , was first son of Henry III
• Cursor Mundi, a metrical romance was written in 1320
• Edward III defeated the French at the Battle of Poitiers and battle of Crecy in 1336 and 1346. The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle between England and France, popularly known Hundred Years’ War.

• Laurence Minot (1330-1352 ) , he belongs to patriotic versifier.
• The first public school, Winchester College was established in 1373.

• Peasant Revolt also known as Wat Tyler’s revolt was a major revolt of 1381. The problems generated by the black death in 1340. It estimated 75 to 200 million people died in Europe.

• Fall of Constantinople, the capital of eastern Roman Empire (6th April -29th of May 1453.

• Black Death 1348-49
• Battle of Crecy was in 1346

• Henry IV ascended the throne in 1399 to 1413
• The war of roses was the series of dynastic wars of the throne of England. Between House of York and house of Lancaster (1455-1487)

• Post Chaucerian period is known as 1400-1455
• Edward III came to the throne in 1327.
• Richard II came to the throne in 1377

• East midland dialect became standard English (king’s English) by the time of Chaucer.
• In war of Roses , roses stands for Houses.
• Henry VII is also known as defender of the faith.

• French had become official language after Norman conquest in 1066
• Magna Carta in 1215
• 1340 , birth of Geoffrey Chaucer
• 1370 , Chaucer wrote Book of Duchess

• 1377 , Langland wrote Piers Plowmen

• 1400 , death of Chaucer and murder of Richard II
• 1415, Battle of Agincourt
• William Caxton, History of troy, the First book in Engl Iish in the year 1474-75.

Monday, February 8, 2021

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

#Imp_Mcqs_On_Literary_Criticism & #Theory 

◆ Who gave the maxim '#Make_it_New'.
Ans: #Ezra_Pound

◆ "#Sexual_Politics",in which the writer examines how the power relations work and how men manipulate and perpetuate male dominance over women, is written by?
Ans: #Kate_Millet

◆ "Gynocriticism", the criticism concerning with writings by women and all aspects of their production and interpretation.
Who gave this concept?
Ans: #Elaine_Showalter

◆ "Perhaps I may allow the Dean
Had too much satire in his vein,
And seem'd determined not to starve it,
Because no age could more deserve it."
The lines are written by:
Ans.#Swift

◆ “a model…I have since judged to be ill-fated and catastrophic, but one I still love…"
Whom does #Derrida refer to as ‘#the_model’ here?
Ans: #Sartre

◆  "I would rather have an acknowledged and controlled subjectivity than an objectivity which is finally an illusion."
Who said above line : 
Ans: #Stanley_Fish

◆ "#Panopticism" is the title of a chapter in a well known book by
Ans: #Michel_Faucault

◆ "Deconstruction is not a dismantling of the structure of a text, but a demonstration that it has already dismantled itself".. 
Who explained that ? 
Ans: #J_Hillis_Miller

◆ "I admire Jonson but I love Shakespeare."
Who said,? 
Ans: #John_Dryden 

◆"It is impossible for anyone who undertakes the office of a critic to omit the study of Aristotle without any great harm." Who said this?
Ans: #Saintsbury

◆ Who calls imagination  
"a magical and synthetic power" ?
Ans: #Coleridge 

◆ #Theory_of_Imagination  was produced by: 
Ans: #Addison  

◆Who among the following calls #Longinus as the #first_romantic_critic "
Ans: #RA_Scott_James

◆ Who said that "a poet is a light winged and holy thing"?
Ans.#Plato 

◆ Who gave the concept of "#open_text" and "#closed_text" :
Ans: #Umberto_Eco

◆ Who, is credited with coining the term "#modernity " to refer to the fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility of artistic expression to capture that experience? 
Ans: #Charles_Baudlaire
 Baudlaire, the 19th century French poet and critic, is best known for his #The_Flowers_of_Evil. 
He uses the term '#modernity' in his essay, #The_Painter_of_Modern_Life (1864). Baudlaire was also the pioneering translator of Edgar Allen Poe.

Front Mutation or I -Mutation

What Is " I -Mutation" or Front Mutation? "Early in the history of English a rule called  i-Mutation  (or  i-Umlaut ) existed...