Saturday, July 3, 2021


  1. Who founded new historicism?
       a. Jacques Lacan
       b. Edward Tylor
       c. Stephen Greenblatt
       d. Antonio Gramsci

  2. Who compares the behavior of apes to characters in a Shakespeare play?
       a. Ian McEwan
       b. Joseph Carroll
       c. Daniel Nettle
       d. Charles Darwin
  3. The "commodity fetish," according to Marx, is
       a. the desire for luxury goods
       b. a rejection of consumerism
       c. when exchange value takes on a power of its own
       d. restricted to the upper classes
        Dr Mukesh Kumar Pareek
          15 NET/3JRF/2M.Phil
            Expert of Experts

  4. "Hegemony," as defined by Antonio Gramsci,
       a. means how dominant groups maintain their power
       b. can be imposed by those in power in such a way as to make those beneath them feel they have free choice
       c. reflects a socialist worldview
       d. both a and b
  5. Ecocriticism
       a. is sometimes called "green cultural studies"
       b. is "criticism concentrating on the relationship between literature and the natural environment" (Carroll)
       c. is one of the fastest-growing critical approaches
       d. all of the above
  6. Who is the critic most interested in how those in power police the behavior and thoughts of those without power in his books Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison and The History of Sexuality?
       a. Michel Foucault
       b. Stephen Greenblatt
       c. Jacques Lacan
       d. Antonio Gramsci
  7. British cultural materialism claims that
       a. culture is the property of the working class as well as the upper class
       b. culture is a needless abstraction
       c. only those with proper educations have culture
       d. culture is the opiate of the masses
  8. Some critics are suspicious of Literary Darwinism because
       a. Darwinism was reinterpreted along racial lines by Herbert Spencer
       b. it calls up such evils as genetic determinism and eugenics
       c. it reduces art to genetics
       d. all of the above
  9. Literary Darwinism is opposed to
       a. poststructuralism
       b. deconstruction
       c. ecofeminism
       d. both a and b
  10. Who was it, influenced by Matthew Arnold, who sought to remake the British educational system so that literary knowledge could be distributed more widely, especially in the working classes?
       a. F. R. Leavis
       b. Karl Marx
       c. Raymond Williams
       d. Louis Althusser
  11. The leading literary Darwinist today is
       a. E. O. Wilson
       b. Joseph Carroll
       c. Tim Horvath
       d. Colleen McGuire
  12. Georg Lukács preferred literature that
       a. reflected social realism
       b. employed modernist techniques such as stream-of-consciousness narration
       c. was intended as "art for art's sake"
       d. presented only characters trapped in the social order
  13. The inventor of the "dialectic" was
       a. Karl Marx
       b. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
       c. Michel Foucault
       d. Theodore Dreiser
  14. Literary Darwinists argue that
       a. evolution precedes, and to some extent, explains discourse
       b. literature has an adaptive function for evolutionary fitness, including sexual competition
       c. all human beings share the need to create cognitive order
       d. all of the above
  15. Like Literary Darwinists, ecocritics propose
       a. their approach as the essential matrix for all literary study
       b. to locate human values in nature
       c. an end to literary criticism
       d. both a and b
  16. The ideas of the "political unconscious" and "subject-positions" are those of
       a. Pierre Bourdieu
       b. Antonio Gramsci
       c. Raymond Williams
       d. Frederic Jameson
  17. E. O. Wilson's term "biophilia" means
       a. love of life
       b. fear of death
       c. rejection of nature
       d. appreciation of books
  18. What is the difference between the "old historicism" and the "new historicism"?
       a. they are essentially the same
       b. the "old historicism" concerns itself only with "high culture"
       c. "old historicism" is merely background and context, literature only reflecting history, while "new historicism" argues that literature and history influence each other
       d. the "new historicism" refutes everything about the "old historicism"
  19. Foucault's "épistème" is
       a. the universal meaning of a symbol
       b. the broad "totalizing" function of culture observable in literary texts
       c. a fragment of history
       d. an unusual phoneme
      1. Who gave the concept of consilience?
       a. Joseph Carroll
       b. David P. Barash
       c. Charles Darwin
       d. E. O. Wilson

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