|1. Which country is most associated with the school of Formalism?|
|Explanation:The main branch of Formalism is Russian Formalism. Its orgins as a literary theory come from the Russian Revolution period as a response to the conventional study of literature.|
Explanation:As I discovered when trying to apply Formalism to a longer text, its use becomes limited because of complications such as the plot and characterization. A relatively short poem is ideal for the application of Formalism as it can be analyzed as a whole, and is more likely to contain interesting use of language than a novel.
Explanation:A linguist is a person who specialises in languages, literal is similar in meaning to actual, and languaness is a word I made up!
All of these theories apart from New Criticism deal with the idea of external forces influencing the text. New criticism developed from Formalism and completely denies any external influences, including the author and the reader.
Theory and Practice is the course where I discovered the joys of Formalism!